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matematic phisic

matematic phisic

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02/23/2013

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Mathematical Physics Theory 2003
Martin PlenioImperial College LondonVersion May 27, 2003Office: Blackett 622
 
Contents
1 Sets, numbers and the concept of innity 5
1.1 Sets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51.2 From counting to innities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131.3 Basic logic notation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211.4 Sequences, completeness and uncountable sets . . . . . . 221.5 Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 411.5.1 Absolute convergence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 461.5.2 Methods to enhance the speed of convergence oseries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 501.6 Complex numbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
2 Functions of real variables 65
2.1 More about sets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 662.2 The basic definition of a function . . . . . . . . . . . . . 682.3 Continuity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 712.3.1 Functions of many variables . . . . . . . . . . . . 752.4 Convexity I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 762.5 Dierentiation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 812.5.1 Convexity II and its application to inequalities . . 842.5.2 Minimization of convex functions on convex sets. 862.5.3 Newtons method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 872.6 Integration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 902.6.1 Riemann integration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 902.6.2 The integral comparison criterion . . . . . . . . . 992.6.3 Interchanging Limites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1021
 
2
CONTENTS 
3 Vectors and Matrices 109
3.1 Vectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1093.2 Matrices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1113.3 Eigenvalues, eigenvectors, singular values . . . . . . . . . 1123.4 Functions of matrices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1133.5 Markov processes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
4 Entropy, disorder and information 121
4.1 Quantifying classical information . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1234.2 Elements of the theory of majorization . . . . . . . . . . 125

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