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ch-9

ch-9

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Published by: p_k_soni_iit_physics on Apr 12, 2010
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02/09/2014

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Path
S
1
S
2
F
IGURE
9.1
Two surfaces S
1
and S
2
near the plate oacapacitor are bounded by thesame path
. The conductioncurrent in the wire passes onlthrough S
1
, which leads to acontradiction in Ampère’s lawthat is resolved only if onepostulates a displacement current throughS
2
.
E
S
2
S
1
F
IGURE
9.2
Because it exists only in the wires attached to the capacitor plates, theconduction current 
I dq 
/
dt 
passes throughthe curved surface S
1
but not the flat surfaceS
2
. Only the displacement curren
0
/
dt 
passes through S
2
. The twocurrents mustbe equal for continuity.
Electromagnetic WavesChapter 9
 
 y 
EEcc
BB
 y 
(a) (b)
Figure 9.3
(a) The fields in an electroma gnetic wave traveling at  velocity in the positive x direction at one point on the xaxis. These fields depend only on x and t. (b) Representation of a sinusoidal electroma gnetic wave moving in thepositive x direction with a speed c.
c
:
 
BEB
+
B
dx  y 
F
IGURE
9.5
 As a plane wavemoving in the
direction passesthrough a rectangular path of width
dx 
lying in the
xz 
plane, themagnetic field in the
direction varies from to . Thisconstruction allows us to evaluatethe line integral of over theperimeter of the rectangle.
B
:
B
:
 
B
:
B
:
E
+
EE
 
 y 
B
F
IGURE
9.4
 As a plane wavemoving in the
direction passesthrough a rectangular path of width
dx 
lying in the
x
plane, the electric fieldin the
 y 
direction varies from to. This construction allows us toevaluate the line integral of over theperimeter of the rectangle.
E
:
E
:
 
E
:
E
:

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