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ch-7

ch-7

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Published by: p_k_soni_iit_physics on Apr 12, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/07/2011

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m
g
y
b
y
a
rF
F
IGURE
7.1
The work done by anexternal agent on the system of thebook and the Earth as the book islifted from
y
a
to
y
b
is equal to
mgy
b
mgy
a
.
Potential EnergyChapter 7
 
 y 
 y 
r
F
IGURE
7.2
The work done by thegravitational force on the book as thebook falls from
 y 
to
is equal to
mgy 
mgy 
.
 
 y 
 v 
 f  
 y 
=
gi 
=
mgh 
= 0
 y 
= 0
= 0
 y 
 f  
=
 y 
gf  
=
mg
 f  
=
mv 
 f  
212
F
IGURE
7.4
(Example7.1) A ballis dropped from rest at a height 
above the ground. Initially, thetotal energy of the ball–Earthsystem is gravitational potentialenergy, equal to
mg
 when
0is at the ground. When the ball isat elevation
 y 
, the total systemenergy is the sum of kinetic andpotential energies.
 Active Figure 7.3
(Quick Quiz 7.3) Three identical balls are thrown with the same initial speed from the top of abuilding.132

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