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Notes on Fukuoka Farming 1

Notes on Fukuoka Farming 1



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Published by: sopiemohd on Apr 13, 2010
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Natural Farming of Rice.
Natural Farming of Rice:In normal traditional cultivation of rice, the farmer makes channels in theland to retain water. He tills the land and creates lot of mud. Then hetransplants young rice plants from a breeding plot to the field. He thenapplies lot of fertilizers and pesticides to these plants. And he repeatedlyfloods the field with water. This kind of farming is a costly affair. InFukuoka farming, there is no need to do all these things. Instead, ricegrain is enclosed in clay seed balls and scattered in the standing, ready toharvest winter crop. These seeds will sprout in the right season with therains. Nothing else needs to be done. The remaining of the last crop i.estraw, leaves, roots etc will control weeds and due to no tilling the rainwater will sink into the earth, which in turn will irrigate thecrop.(Translation by S.Yugandar)photos
 Natural Farming of Rice
Dear Frank, Nandan and others,Thanks for your emails.When we stop tilling the land, the local weeds and plants will try to makea home for themselves. Those which are strong will win,establish their ruleand flourish by pushing aside the other weaker plants. To change these weedswe will use the same tactic and spread the seeds of the crops that we wantto grow there and once they sprout, we will cut back the strong unwantedweeds and leave them in the field. In this way, the crop that we want togrow will become stronger and will become king. To maintain this process of crop replacing unwanted ones, inter-cropping and previous crop residues playa very important role. This process will result in good results in the firstyear itself, and there is no need to wait for a long time. This process willwork for any weeds(ground cover crop) except few very strong ones. My farmnever required tilling or any organic fertilizers ever.--Raju.(Translation by SYungandhar)http://picasaweb.google.co.in/rajuktitus/NATURALWHEATRICEROTATION?feat=directlin\k> Dear friend,> Productivity is highest due to minimum in put. Yield is in record is one> ton/quarter acre. This way of farming do no required much water because it> is possible by without flooding.Natural irrigation system works in> paddy.Rain water goes straight in to the soil and water vaporous supply> water. Crop residues mange water. There is no risk involve in this way as in> tillig based orgenic and inorgenic agriculture. <>http://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/uhVRDEX-1tlai51b4qUouA?feat=directlink > >> Raju Titus
Dear Friends,Just look at this growing wheat crop in our natural farm. I will easilyget 15 to 20 quintals of wheat grain and this equals the most productivedistricts of central India which use modern scientific agricultural methods.The salient feature of my farm is that it had not been tilled for the past25 years. No man made organic or inorganic fertilizers have been used in mynatural farm.http://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/OCFTrZkSVUnoIcv34cal9w?feat=directlink To seed this wheat crop we have scattered wheat plus fenugreek seeds andcovered them with rice straw.http://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/1qZbTJQeVLfy9nz3TFY6EA?feat=directlink Before we could irrigate the field, there was rain. After the rain, all theseeds sprouted and came above the rice straw. I have scattered seed ballsmade with termite clay and containing grain that will sprout in the rainyseason in this thriving crop.
 http://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/fRe1Q_XjgRZIpG6Wha4RBw?feat=directlink This scattered grain will sprout in the rainy season and will give us equaloutput to that of the most productive farms of central India. We will gettime to sow another crop in between rice and wheat. During that time we willgrow moong ( kidney bean ) and sesame. These crops will enhance and enrichthe soil with nitrogen that can be used by the rice crop. We never keep therice fields flooded with water. This farming is very close to Fukuokafarming but is not complete. We still have to learn so much.
Dear Kumar swami and Friends,We use the soil excavated by termites to make seed balls.I use cay alsowhich used in making earthen pots. This time we were lucky enough to gettermite soil close to our home for our use. We dug up the clay and sprinkledwater on it so that the clay became broken and scattered. Thenwe mixed 2 cups of paddy in one Tagadi (pot generally used in shiftingconcrete mixture)http://picasaweb.google.co.in/lh/photo/fRe1Q_XjgRZIpG6Wha4RBw?feat=directlink soil and kneaded it like wheat flour dough used to make chapatis. Then wemade half inch thick cakes of this clay dough and pressed it on a chickenmesh to make small pieces. Care must be taken to ensure that the pieces arebetween half to one inch in size and each piece must contain at least oneseed of paddy. Also make sure that the dough is soft like the bottom partof our ear. Then we allow these pieces for one day for roiling by hands.wedry seed balls in shade or they can be scattered in the field right away.This is the common and successful method to make seed balls. Using thismethod few people can make seed balls for many acres of farm. (Translationby S.Yugandhar)Raju Titushttp://picasaweb.google.com/rajuktitus/SEEDBALLMAKING?feat=directlink
Healthy Food.
Friends,It is quite natural for people who are strong believers of conventionaltill-based farming to get angry, when they first know about Fukuoka farming.I also experienced anger and disbelief when I was practicing till-basedconventional farming and heard about Fukuoka farming for the first time. Iquestioned whether farming could ever be really done without tilling,without fertilizers and without pesticides. I felt that it was utter foolishness. And, to prove my point, I struggled harder and as a resultincurred heavy losses. Moreover it left my lands lifeless,pushed us intodebt and wasted five years of time.Nowadays, everyone thinks that the damage that is being done to agricultureand the environment is due to the use of chemical or inorganic fertilizersand by replacing them with 'organic' fertilizers one can solve all theseproblems. But, very few people know and understand that due to tilling of the land, tons of organic matter is washed away from the land due to rainsevery year. So, the rain water that is supposed to percolate into the ground just flows away thus causing famine and reduced rail fall year on year.Narendra Patel is a young and dynamic farmer, and one of the largest acreagefarmer of my area. Their family is involved in conventional and scientificfarming since decades. They have earlier tried many alternative farmingtechniques. Now, after adopting no-till based Fukuoka farming they havefound that their input costs have reduced by 80 percent, the land getsbetter, water content in the soil increases and the food grown is natural intaste and quality.
In reality, by stopping the activity of tilling the land, the flow of organic matter/top soil stops and by returning the crop residues in-place,the land becomes stronger. Many people think that the crops grown usingorganic fertilizers are healthy, and buy the 'organic food' by paying highprice. The truth is that whether it is organic or inorganic fertilizer, onlyweak food grows on weak land. This food is never healthy. Only the food thatgrows in the wilderness or by using natural farming without any fertilizer input on strong land is healthy.(Translation by Yugandher)--Raju Titus--Raju Titus. Hoshangabad.India.+919179738049
*FUKUOKA WAY OF FARMING IS BETTER THAN ORGANIC AND INORGANIC WAY OF FARMING.*http://picasaweb.google.co.in/lh/photo/WNKZh2Qbtp3hLII8XyAxzQ?feat=directlink .My name is Narendra Patil. I am practicing modern scientificagriculture in 50 acres of my own land and another 50 acres of leasedland. My entire family including my mother, father and two brothers,is fully occupied with the farm work throughout the year. We have allmodern technological agricultural tools including two tractors.Initially we used to get good returns, but since the last few years weare incurring losses. We kept on increasing our input costs year onyear in the hope of increasing yields and profits, but we gotincreased losses in the same ratio. Since we do not have any other income generating options other than agriculture we started feelinginsecure about our future. In this process we started searching for alternative farming techniques.First we tried organic farming with a complete Gobar Gas plant setup(biogas plant using cow dung) as per NADEP(National AgribusinessDevelopment Program) and used the resultant compost in our farm,but wegot only depressing results.There is much fuss in this but the resultsare poor and damaging. Numerous other farmers share the same fate asmine. The government is breaking the back of the farmer. The increasedcost of living is most disastrous for the farmer and he is not gettingthe right price for his produce in spite of heavy input costs. This isresulting in ever increasing losses for the farmer. The government isimporting food and causing the prices to fall locally. Due to this weare not getting a fair price for our produce. Secondly, our lands havelost their fertility and even the usage of costly fertilizers andchemicals is not giving the desired results. Cattle breeding was analternative source of income for our family and we used to cover theagricultural losses with the income from cattle. But with the use of tractors and chemical fertilizers, cattle breeding has becomeimpossible.We have been growing paddy in rainy season, wheat in winter and mung (kidney beans ) in summer. For the last two years we have continuouslyincurred losses in all the crops. Our neighbor Sri Raju ji was anadvocate of modern scientific farming in early days. But after experiencing the various difficulties in scientific farming he hasswitched to no-till natural farming and is a very happy man now. Westarted seeing the power in his way of natural farming and adopted hismethod of no-till natural farming to grow paddy,wheat and mung in our fields with Sri Raju sir's help. This is the second year of our experiment with no-till natural farming and our wheat crop looksbetter than the crop grown with chemicals and fertilizers despite thefact that no chemicals or fertilizers have been used in our farm and

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