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Cell Phone Basics

Cell Phone Basics

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Published by sukalyan_g6864

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Published by: sukalyan_g6864 on Apr 13, 2010
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 About Private LinePrivate Line covers what has occurred, is occurring, and will ocurr intelecommunications. Since
communication technology constantlychanges
, you can expect new content posted regularly.Consider this site an
authoritative resource
. Its moderators have successfulcareers in the telecommunications industry. Utilize the content and sendcomments. As a site about communicating,
conversation is encouraged.
WritersThomas FarelyTom has produced privateline.com since 1995. He is now a freelancetechnology writer who contributes regularly to the site.His knowledge of telecommunications has served, most notably, the AmericanHeritage Invention and Technology Magazine and The History Channel.His interview on Alexander Graham Bell will air on the History Channel theend of 2006.Ken SchmidtKen is a licensed attorney who has worked in the tower industry for sevenyears. He has managed the development of broadcast towers nationwide anddeveloped and built cell towers.He has been quoted in newspapers and magazines on issues regarding celltowers and has spoke at industry and non-industry conferences on cell tower related issues.He is recognized as an expert on cell tower leases and due diligenceprocesses for tower acquisitions.
January 01, 2006
Posted by Tom Farley & Mark van der Hoek at 08:55 PM
Cell and Sector Terminology
With cellular radio we use a simple hexagon to represent a complex object:the geographical area covered by cellular radio antennas. These areas are
called cells. Using this shape let us picture the cellular idea, because on amap it only approximates the covered area. Why a hexagon and not a circle torepresent cells?When showing a cellular system we want to depict an area totally covered byradio, without any gaps. Any cellular system will have gaps in coverage, butthe hexagonal shape lets us more neatly visualize, in theory, how the systemis laid out. Notice how the circles below would leave gaps in our layout. Still,why hexagons and not triangles or rhomboids? Read the text below and we'llcome to that discussion in just a bit.Notice the illustration below. The middle circles represent cell sites. This iswhere the base station radio equipment and their antennas are located. A cellsite gives radio coverage to a cell. Do you understand the difference betweenthese two terms? The cell site is a location or a point, the cell is a widegeographical area. Okay?Most cells have been split into sectors or individual areas to make them moreefficient and to let them to carry more calls. Antennas transmit inward to eachcell. That's very important to remember. They cover a portion or a sector of each cell, not the whole thing. Antennas from other cell sites cover the other portions. The covered area, if you look closely, resembles a sort of rhomboid,as you'll see in the diagram after this one. The cell site equipment provideseach sector with its own set of channels. In this example, just below , the cellsite transmits and receives on three different sets of channels, one for eachpart or sector of the three cells it covers.
Is this discussion clear or still muddy?Skip aheadif you understand cells andsectors or come back if you get hung up on the terms at some later point. For most of us, let's go through this again, this time from another point of view.Mark provides the diagram and makes some key points here:"Most people see the cell as the blue hexagon, being defined by the tower inthe center, with the antennae pointing in the directions indicated by thearrows. In reality, the cell is thered hexagon, with the towers at the corners,as you depict it above and I illustrate it below. The confusion comes from notrealizing that a cell is a geographic area, not a point. We use the terms 'cell'(the coverage area) and 'cell site' (the base station location) interchangeably,but they are not the same thing.Click here if you wantan illustrated overview of cell site layoutWFI'sMark goes on to talk about cells and sectors and the kind of antennasneeded: "These days most cells are divided into sectors. Typically three butyou might see just two or rarely six. Six sectored sites have been touted as a

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