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Superposition Theorem

Superposition Theorem

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Published by: Dozdi on Apr 13, 2010
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11/28/2012

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Objectives
1.To understand the concept of superposition theorem.2.To be able to cope with more than one voltage source in a circuit.3.To identify a linear circuit.
List of Instruments
1 piece VOM1 set electronics trainer (feedback)1 piece milliammeter (DC)
Wiring Diagram
A) Linearity
Vs
1
=1K
2
= 470R 
3
= 68
 
B) Superposition
15 V
1
=1K
2
= 470
3
= 65 V
 
 
Data Sheet
A)SourceV
1
(volts)I
1
(mA)54.074108.0681512.1212B)Measuredvalues15 V5 VV
1
V
2
V
3
I
1
I
2
I
3
ONON10.584.33-0.710.511.5-1ONOFF12.022.8942.894127.74.2OFFON1.4181.425-3.55-1.43.8-5.2Calculatedvalues10.6024.319-0.65610.611.5-1
Problem and Solution
V
1
 
= V
1
’ + V
1
’’
 
= 12.02 – 1.418 = 10.602 VV
2
 
= V
2
’ + V
2
’’
 
= 2.894 + 1.425 = 4.319 VV
3
 
= V
3
’ + V
3
’’
 
= 2.894 – 3.55 = -0.656 VI
1
 
= I
1
’ + I
1
’’
 
= 12 – 1.4 = 10.60 mAI
2
 
= I
2
’ + I
2
’’
 
= 7.7 + 3.8 = 11.5 mAI
3
 
= I
3
’ + I
3
’’
 
= 4.2 – 5.2 = -1 mA
Analysis
We can say that the relationship between current (input) and voltage (output) islinear for a resistor when it satisfies the following conditions: (1) the response to a sum of inputs is equal to the sum of the individual responses (output). (2) If the excitation isscaled by the constant K in “R(Ki) = K(Ri) = Kv’, then the response is also scaled by K.The algebraic sum of voltages or current caused by each independent sourceacting alone is equal to the total voltage or current caused by all sources acting together.This law had been proven for the second circuit with an infinitesimal change in values.

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