1.The system failed to produce enough to meet the growingrequirements.2.Emergence of exchange economy.Growth of Towns:
Towns had economic and political independence.
Dealings with money increased
Provided employment to the rural peopleSo people fled to towns due:a)Direct eviction b)Impoverishmentc)Rising population pressure
Towns and Cities became increasingly important.
Trade flourished between countries.
Discovery of gold.
Use of money expanded.
Growth of national states.
Economic rivalry between them to expand colonies andsphere of influence.
State regulated exploitation.
Production was on small-scale.
Merchants played an important role between producersand consumers.