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Sample Problem #6

# Sample Problem #6

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08/19/2013

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SSaammpplleePPrroobblleemm##66::
A Ammiixxuurreeooaammmmoonniiaaaannddaaiirriiss ssccrruubbbbeeddiinnaappllaaeeccoolluummnnwwiihh rreesshhwwaaeerr..IIhheeaammmmoonniiaa ccoonncceennrraaiioonniissrreedduucceeddrroomm55%% oo00..0011%%aannddhheewwaaeerraannddaaiirr rraaeessaarreerreessppeecciivveellyy00..6655oo00..4455 kkgg / /mm
22
ss,,hhoowwmmaannyyhheeoorreeiiccaallppllaaeess aarreerreeqquuiirreedd??TThheeeeqquuiilliibbrriiuumm rreellaaiioonnsshhiippccaannbbeewwrriieenn Y ==,, wwhheerreeiisshheemmoolleerraaiiooiinnhhee lliiqquuiiddpphhaassee..

N=?1
Fresh water 0.65 kg/m
2
s
Y
1
0.65 kg/m
2
s0.01% ammonia
Y
N+1
0.45 kg/m
2
s5% ammonia
X
N
GIVEN:

B
ottom Coordinates: Y
N+1
= Y
N+1
/ 1-Y
N+1
= 0.05/1-0.05SOLUTION:Top Coordinates:Xo = 0 Y
1
= ammonia / air = 0.0001/ 0.999= 1.001 x 10
-4
= 0.053= 0.022 kg/m
2
s0.035NH
3
in H
2
O = amt. in Y
N+1
±amt. \in Y
1
=0.45 (0.05) ±{0.95 (0.45) / 0.999}x0.0001X
N
= 0.022 / 0.65 =