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TS-PV_Amp-HOWTO-v1.0

TS-PV_Amp-HOWTO-v1.0

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Published by cest73
This is the unofficial, officially unsupported, Tesla Switch Photo Voltaic Amplifier HOWTO.
Use at own risk, GPL v3 apply.
This is public domain now.
Language: English
This is the unofficial, officially unsupported, Tesla Switch Photo Voltaic Amplifier HOWTO.
Use at own risk, GPL v3 apply.
This is public domain now.
Language: English

More info:

Published by: cest73 on Apr 14, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/14/2014

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Tesla Switch Photo Voltaic Amplifier HOWTO
Taming down a PWM 
Author:Stevan Cerovec (cest73.at.Yahoo.com) 2010.A.D.License:GPL-v3Version:V:1.0 – original release
 Abstract 
A
 PWM 
is a “Pulse Width Modulator”, or in common language a controlling unit that decides just howlong a pulse should last. We are up to build one our selves, otherwise we wouldn't skim this HOWTO,would we?A Tesla Switch (
TS
) is a device that shuttles charge around a circuit, trading potential and current foreach other, to gain a net benefit in the process.To make a TS possible to gain net energy, we need to use rechargeable batteries. Without their Chargevs. Discharge hysteresis there is no gain. So a TS makes sense only in conjunction with a hysteresisdevice like a usual rechargeable battery is.A Photo Voltaic array (Or “
Solar panel
”) is a
semiconductor
device, just like a usual
Bipolar JunctionTransistor
(BJT). Instead of switching or power modulation, it serves as a “IR” (photo) to Voltage(thus “voltaic”) transformer. There from we gain energy from Sun's IR irrigation.So this makes a
Tesla Switch Photovoltaic Amplifier 
 
(TS-PV-Amp.)
a device that takes electricityfrom a arbitrary “
Solar panel
” and converts it to short (1:1000 ratio) bursts of energy (called “pulses”).Those pulses are characterized by steep leading edges (dI/dt=30MA/s (
 Mega
Amperes!) and possiblymore (!!)) and usually short overall duration (about 10μs), terminated without any energy allowed toflow backwards.This sort of pulses,
Dr. Nikola Tesla
called
unidirectional sharp pulses
he fought so hard togenerate. Our
TS-PV-Amp.
Develops those pulses of following amplitude:17A peak12V above receiving battery (about 25V total) up to 37V absolute maximum.So, no trace of sheer amperage, yet still a formidable rate of at least 60MA/s on leading edge. You canreally feel this “wavefront” knocking in a neodymium magnet held by hand adjacent to a output cable.I try hard imagine what this wavefront does to the Ions/crystals, it has
 galvanic coupling
with, in abattery cell.This technology is only lately extensively revisited by a tremendous number of researchers across theworld, while it was brought back to the light of day by
over three decades spanning effort 
of a braveresearch engineer (and not only him) now resident in Idaho U.S.A. His name is John Bedini, anddespite leading the movement in knowledge, experience and effort, he hasn't said is last word just yet.Without his non-selfish support and sharing free information this document would never meet an eye.Let us give him arguments in his favor when he is asked “
was it all worth it?”
 
Table of Contents
Tesla Switch Photo Voltaic Amplifier HOWTO.......................................................................................1Abstract.................................................................................................................................................1Preface...................................................................................................................................................3Introduction...........................................................................................................................................3Preparation.............................................................................................................................................6The chip............................................................................................................................................6The banks..........................................................................................................................................6The driver stage................................................................................................................................6Power stage.......................................................................................................................................7Netlist................................................................................................................................................8Building...............................................................................................................................................10Trial run...............................................................................................................................................17Troubleshooting...................................................................................................................................18Testing.................................................................................................................................................20
 
Preface
 Free energy
, a term so often used in English, yet and so often misunderstood.Is “free energy” really
free
? Just how
free
is it actually?In my opinion, we need “free energy” as “free speech”, or in other words, we need be free to produceour own energy,
at the cost it takes to be produced 
. No matter be it of Sun, Wood, Oil or Wind, as longas we are
allowed 
to produce in our
own
freedom.Most of us came here to get “free as beer” energy, and I'm afraid some will find bitter disappointmentand just lose their time (nerve?) here. You have to pay for either:
 Kromrey, Bedini SSG, Bedini WM,Tesla Wireless, Radiant Energy capture
.Be it Mr. Bedini got “filthy rich” just over night (I wish he would ;) ) and just started giving away allthe stuff he is building to his associates and anyone asking for it.Be it You got it for free, You got even assembly and postage for free (just for the sake of the examplehere, okay?)And even a
anonymous benefactor
(“Santa”?) landed in Your backyard about a ton of
 Deep Cycle Lead Acid Batteries
(I call from now on PbS batteries) or even the ever lasting
NiCd
(same amount).You still have to maintain the device, and maintain the batteries (Even
NiCd
needs maintainance), andto maintain Your home's installation, and to buy grease for the bearings, and to swap out broken Panels(be it “solar”) and burned out transistors (even be it solid state).So it will still
cost 
You in the end, even if You got is as a gift for free (likely
not 
possible) and evenwith the batteries included.So, I go on with our “free as speech” while the
“free beer” runners
are welcome to revisit the aboveparagraphs and their own math as far as I am concerned.
Introduction
A battery is a complex system. It has chemistry, it has physics, it has metal, crystal, liquid, suspension,solution; dry-, wet- and welded contacts. It has synthered, molded, folded and fiber supported parts. Ithas Acid and water. It can freeze in cold, it can boil of heat, it can bend, crack, shed, crystallize, bulge,flood, dry out, sulfate, melt and explode.Last not least, it has
electricity
, it has
 potential
, it has
current 
, it has state of (dis-)charge, it has rate ofcharge, it has rate of discharge. It has resting voltage, it has working voltage. They are not the same(NOTE:
Voltages
: they are not the same)It is a species with a mind on it's own.It's live like the
mountains
, or
nature
itself.It
sags
on load, it
rises
on charge (
 potential
wise). It accepts current, it produces current, it
fights
discharge, it
fights
charge.It
is
 
COMPLEX 
.Why do I point this out here? Tesla Switch is all about
correctly
switching a battery.To understand this let's observe the graphic of charge and discharge for a while:

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