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Human Genome Project

Human Genome Project

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Published by Abhishek Gandhi

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Published by: Abhishek Gandhi on Apr 14, 2010
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10/24/2012

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The Human Genome Project: An Overview of ELSI-1Running Head: THE HUMAN GENOME PROJECT
The Human Genome Project:An Overview of Ethical, Legal and Social IssuesByAntilkumar Gandhi
History and Methods of ScienceProfessor FlemingWinter Quarter 2009
 
The Human Genome Project: An Overview of ELSI-2
Abstract
The Human Genome Project is one of the biggest achievements in the history of  biology. After thirteen years of strenuous efforts by many scientists around the world,one of the project's goals was accomplished--to map the 3 billion base pairs in humanDNA and to identify the 20,000-25,000 genes in the human genome. Knowledge of thegenetic sequence and the coding of the genes of a human being have implications not justin biology, but also in the ethical, legal and social realms. Issues of genetic privacy,genetic engineering, mandatory vs. voluntary genetic screening, gene patenting and manyothers have arisen as scientists completed the sequencing of the human genome. In thediscussion that follows, the major ethical, legal and social issues that human society willhave to face will be addressed.
 
The Human Genome Project: An Overview of ELSI-3
The Human Genome Project: An Overview of ELSI
The Human Genome Project is one of biggest scientific endeavors ever undertaken. It was begun in 1990 with funding from the U.S. Department of Energy andthe National Institutes of Health with the goal of discovering all of the 20,000 - 25,000genes that make up the human genome and of sequencing the entire human genome (over 3 billion base pairs). Additional goals of the Project included storing this geneticinformation in databases, improving tools for data analysis and transferring DNAtechnologies to the private sector, (About the Human Genome Project, 2/28/09)
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The potential benefits that could be reaped from the Human Genome Project research arewide and varied across all of biology. First and foremost, the benefits will be seen inmedicine, as the age of molecular medicine dawns. There will also be benefits seen inthe environmental sciences sector and in the agriculture and livestock sectors, sincedeciphering the genomes of important microbes and plants was also part of the project.The studies of anthropology, evolution and forensics will also see many applications thatwere directly the result of Human Genome Project research, (Potential Benefits of Human Genome Project Research, 2/20/08). The scientists who started this projectrealized that it would not only affect medicine and the biological sciences, but would alsohave implications in the ethical, social and legal realm. Therefore, from the outset, one of the goals of the Human Genome Project was to address these ethical, legal and socialissues that were sure to arise as the project went forward. The human genome wassequenced in 13 years and the completion of this portion of the Project was announced in2003, a mere 50 years after the discovery of the double-helix structure of DNA byWatson and Crick. Now that the human genome has been sequenced and many genes

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