yOuR BRain: hOW TO use iT
Th d as
Dringchildhood, a loing amilnironmnt is crcialor brain dlopmnt
he our-part Sunday Times guide to thebrain gives you the tools to understand your mind and use it better. Our guideeatures cutting-edge brain research andthe latest advice on applying the fndings to your own lie.This week, the second part o the guide helps you to get the most out o love, sex and amilylie. We explain what happens to your brain when you are attracted to someone. You maybe assailed by a maelstrom o hormones, but you don’t need to lose your head.Once you’ve ound a partner, our guide helps you to negotiate the three stages o love and sex – rom short-lived lust to obsessive romanticlove, to long-term attachment.I you’ve survived all that and now have aamily, our guide has numerous tips to give your children a head start. It oers advice onbrain development – in the unborn baby orthe volatile adolescent. Finally, you will learnhow to care or your brain as it evolves – i youkeep mentally active, your intellectual powersneed not decline with age.
uSe yOuR MINDTO LIve HAPPILyeveR AFTeR
In 1848, an xplosion proplld a mtal pol throghth railwa orman’s lt rontal lob. H srid, bt was transormdinto a highl implsi man who gambld and drank. His cas ld to thassociation o th rontal lobs with sl-control and prsonalit.
In 1953, a ong man, HM, ndrwnt brain srgr to cr hispilps. Th rmoal o his hippocamps – a tin ara in th tmporallobs – crd his fts bt prntd him rom orming nw mmoris,highlighting th link btwn th hippocamps and mmor.
On March 29, 1985, th msician Cli Waringcontractd hrps ncphalitis and srd damag to sral aras oth brain. Lik HM, h lost th abilit to crat nw mmoris. Bt hrmmbrs how to pla piano and condct a choir – idnc that hisprocdral mmor, associatd with th crbllm, has srid.
Raisd in a cag b hr distrbd parnts in Los Angls, Gniwas discord, and rlasd, in 1970 agd 13. A std o hr dladdlopmnt rald that sh mad last progrss in langag. Hrcas is sd to spport th thor that thr ar critical priods orlangag acqisition. I missd, langag nr dlops proprl.
In 1901, 51-ar-old Agst D was admittd to a Frankrtaslm atr a dtrioration in hr intllctal and langag skills. Sh
h patints that changd brain histor
was sn b Dr Alois Alzhimr. Fi ars latr, whn sh did, hxamind hr brain and idntifd th nrofbrillar tangls andamloid plaqs that ar now th disas’s hallmark.
In th arl 1960s, pschiatrist Dr Cornlia Wilbr, tratd apatint, Sbil, whom sh claimd had rald 16 altr gos ndrhpnosis. Dr Wilbr claimd that childhood abs had casd Sbil tocrat th altr prsonalitis; som arg that th prsonalitis maha bn plantd in Sbil’s mmor dring thrap.
A brain-injr patint rportd on in 1992, RM was nabl torcognis acs, bt rtaind th abilit to distingish btwn cars.Sch cass, known as prosopagnosia, sggst thr is a spcifc part oth brain – th siorm ac ara – ddicatd to ac rcognition.
An nnamd Frnch woman was th frst to b diagnosdwith Capgras sndrom b th pschiatrist Josph Capgras in 1923. Shcold rcognis hr amil, bt blid impostrs had rplacd thm.Thr ma b a problm in th brain parts linking motion with mmor.
In 1987, HJA, 79, srd a strok that damagd his occipitallobs, rsponsibl or isal procssing. H cold no longr rcognisobjcts, bt h cold s, mo arond withot bmping into thingsand pick things p. This disordr is known as isal agnosia.