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Sample Problem #8

Sample Problem #8

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Dozdi on Apr 14, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/11/2014

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SAMPLE PROBLEM #8:
A charge of 250 lb of 70 mol% benzene and30 mol% toluene is subjected to batch differentialdistillation at atmospheric pressure.Determine thecompositions of the distillate and residue after one-third of the original mass is distilled off.
 
Assume the mixture forms an ideal solution andapply Raoult’s and Dalton’s laws with vapor-pressure data.
 
 
SOLUTION
V=1/3L
1
L
1
= 250lbx
1
= 0.7Assume mixture is idealsolutionApply Raoult’s and Dalton’slaw with VP data
X
D
, X = ?
still potDcondenser L, x1 ATM
 
 
 
Given the vapor pressure dataRAOULT’S LAW:
666666
HCHCHC
PxP
=
DALTON’S LAW:
PPP
8766
HCHC
=+
( )
Px1PxP
66876666
HCHCHCHC
=+
8766 8766
HCHC HCHC
PPPPx
=
PxPPPy
666666 66
HCHCHC HC
==
therefore:- Combining Dalton and Raoult’s Law we get:

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