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Sample Problem #11Ratings:

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08/14/2013

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A distillation column with a total condenser and partialreboiler is separating an ethanol-water mixture(ETOH + H

2

O).

SAMPLE PROBLEM #11:

Ponchon-Savarit

methodThe feed is 20 mol% ethanol and a bottoms composition of 2mol % ethanol are desired.The external reflux ratio is 5/3.The reflux is returned as a saturated liquid.Find the optimum feed plate location and thetotal number of equilibrium stages required. Pressure is101.325 kPa.Solve this problem by graphical method:

C

FBDx

F

=

20% mol (ETOH)

x

o

=

1000 kmols / hr

T =

26.7

o

C

=

R

=LoD53

x

D

= 80% mol(ETOH)X

B

= 2% mol(ETOH)

1 atm

R

T

he reflux is returned as a saturated liquid

S

etting

up f

irst

the

d

iagra

m fo

r

D

isti

ll

ati

o

n

SOLUTION

G

iven the followingcompositions andconditions of thefeed

T

he distillatecompositionis:

T

he bottomscompositionis:

DETERMINE???

Feed plate locationNo. of stages (n)

Equilibrium Data for ethanol-water system at 1 atm(mole fraction ethanol)

XY

000.007920.085070.020180.191460.041670.303610.089110.427330.143620.492930.20690.534720.281250.568490.369860.601310.477270.643750.610170.699350.778850.802190.859760.864040.903770.90150.950430.9456411

XL

iq

u

i

dE

ntha

lpyV

a

po

r

E

ntha

lpy

(B

t

u/mol m

i

x

t

u

re

)(B

t

u/mol m

i

x

t

u

re

)

0 3241.8 207000.04167 3062.83 20738.30.14362 2972.87 20766.10.28125 3180.04 20803.50.47727 3484.5 20825.50.77885 3845.42 20938.81 4094 21045

U

sing the given Data, we can nowillustrate the relationship of water andethanol using Ponchon-Savarit andMacCabe-Thiele method.

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