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Comparisons

Comparisons

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Published by: Angela on Apr 15, 2010
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05/04/2014

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2nd Bachillerato: comparison Ángela Ruiz 2009-10
 
1
COMPARATIVO Y SUPERLATIV0Adjective Comparative: más ... (que) Superlative: más ... (de)1 syllable + -er (+ than) + -est (+ in>)
small small
er
(than) small
est
(in)fast fast
er
(than) fast
est
(in)
Adjetivo de 1 sílaba
acabado en
 
consonante + 1 vocal + consonante 
: duplica
la consonante final:big big
ger
(than) big
gest
(in)hot hot
ter
(than) hot
test
(in)
Adjetivo Comparativo: más ... (que) Superlativo: más ... (de)2 syllables + -er / more + adj (+ than) + -est / most + adj (+ in)acabados
en:
-
,-
l
, -
o
 
 
acabados
en:
-
l
, -
e
, -
ur
 
algunos
adjetivos:
handsome
,
polite
,
pleasant
,
common
,
quiet
 happy happi
er
 /
more
happy (than) happi
est
/
most
happy (in)hollow hollow
er
/
more
hollow (than) hollow
est
/
most
hollow (in)simple simple
r
/
more
simple (than) simple
st
/
most
simple (in)tender tenderer /
more
tender (than) tender
est
/
most
tender (in)
COMPARATIVOS Y SUPERLATIVOS IRREGULARESADJETIVO COMPARATIVO SUPERLATIVOgood
better (than) best (in) bueno(s) - mejor(es)
 
bad / ill
worse (than) worst (in) malo(s) - peor(es)
 
less (than) least (in) poco - menos
 
little
smaller (than) smallest (in) pequeño(s) - más pequeño(s)
much / many
more (than) most (in) mucho / muchos - másfarther (than) farthest (in) (distancia)- más lejos
far
further (than) furthest (in)lejosadicional - más adelantelater (than) latest (in) más tarde
late
latter (than) lattest (in)tarderecienteolder (than) oldest (in) antiguo, mayor
old
elder (than) eldest (in)viejo(s)mayor (familia
COMPARATIVO DE IGUALDADAdjetivo comparativo: tan ... (como) comparativo: no tan ... (como)
 
as + adj (+ as not as / so + adj (+ as
big
as
big (as)
not as / so
big (as)confortable
as
confortable (as)
not as / so
confortable (as)
 
 
2
COMPARATIVO DE INFERIORIDADAdjetivo Comparativo: menos ... (que) Superlativo: menos ... (de)less + adj (+than) least + adj (+ in)
 
thin
less
thin (than)
least
thin (in)
 
interesting
less
interesting (than)
least
interesting (in)
COMPARACIÓN CORRELATIVA: cuanto más / menos + adjetivo, más / menos + adjetivoThe
short
er
the report
,
 
the less
boring it will be.
Cuanto más 
corto sea el informe,
menos 
aburridoserá.
 
The less
luggage we take
,
 
the
fast
er
we’ll travel.
Cuanto menos 
bultos llevemos,
má
rápidoviajaremos.
 
The more
expensive the product
,the better
itmust be.
Cuanto más 
caro sea el producto,
mejor 
tieneque ser.
 
The more
you eat
,
 
the more
uncomfortable you'llfeel.
Cuanto más 
comas,
má
molesto te sentirás.
COMPARACIÓN PROGRESIVA: cada vez más / menos + adjetivo
 The weather is hot
ter
 
and
hot
ter
.
 
El tiempo es
cada vez más 
caluroso.
 
This programme is
more and more
entertaining.
 
Este programa es
cada vez más 
entretenido.
 
Will exams be
less and less
easy?
 
¿Los exámenes serán
cada vez menos 
fáciles?
 
The result isn't
less and less
important.
 
El resultado no es
cada vez menos 
importante.
 LESS / FEWER: MENOSless
+ sustantivos
no-contables
 
fewer
+ sustantivos
contables
 I have
less
work now than last year.
Tengo
menos 
trabajo ahora que el año pasado.
 
Are there
fewer
boys playing now?
¿Hay
menos 
chicos jugando ahora?
 
He has
less
money and
fewer
friends.
Tiene
menos 
dinero y
menos 
amigos.
 LIKE / AS: “COMO” 
 
like
+
sustantivo
 /
pronombre
= como, igualque, similar a (
comparando
)
as
+
sustantivo
= como, en calidad de
as
+
oración subordinada
/
locución
= comoThis coat is
like
yours.
Este abrigo es
como 
el tuyo.
 I worked
as
a trainer.Yo trabajé
como
entrenador.He is
like
his brother.
Él es
como 
su hermano.
 Lawrence Olivier
as
Hamlet is wonderful.
Lawrence Olivier
como 
(en el papel de) Hamletestá maravilloso .
 She sings
like
an angel.
Ella canta
como 
un ángel.
 Call her
as
your mother told you.
Llámala
como 
te dijo tu madre.
You should do it
like
him.
Deberías hacerlo
como 
él.
 Do it
as
I showed you.
Hazlo
como 
te enseñé.
 
SO / SUCHSuch
+ adjective + noun. It is never used before
much
and
many
.
 So
+ adverbs / adjectives. It is used with
much
and
many.
He was
such
a big man with
such
dark eyes
that
Iwas very frightened.The film was
so
good, had
so
many stars and was
so
well directed
that
I could have watched it threetimes.
 

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