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Group 2 and 5 Cation Analysis

Group 2 and 5 Cation Analysis

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Published by twinkledreampoppies
Chemistry 18.1 - General Chemistry Laboratory II
Chemistry 18.1 - General Chemistry Laboratory II

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Published by: twinkledreampoppies on Apr 16, 2010
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12/04/2012

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Cation Analysis
Separation and Identification of Group II Cations
 
Group II cations consists of ions that formsacid-insoluble sulfides.
Cations in the 2nd group include: Cd
2+
, Bi
3+
,Cu
2+
, As
3+
, As
5+
, Sb
3+
, Sb
5+
, Sn
2+
, Sn
4+
and Hg
2+
.Pb
2+
is usually also included here in additionto the first group.
The reagent can be any substance that givesS
2-
ions in such solutions.
H
2
S
CH
3
CSNH
2
(thioacetamide)
 
The test with the sulfide ion must beconducted in the presence of dilute HCl
to keep the sulfide ion concentration at arequired minimum, so as to allow theprecipitation of 2nd group cations alone

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