1. Describe the perspective clothing that should be worn for the lab staff working in a lab with radioactive elements.
Radioactive elements can come from variety of source in laboratory andhospitals. The chemical, instruments and natural occurring radioactive elementsalways present in our daily lives. The types of radiation can either be x-ray, gammaray, alpha particles, beta particles and neutron. Therefore, it is important to wear aprotective gear when handling all this radiation to prevent damage or mutation on our cell that can cause diseases.Use of radiation shielding is highly effective in intercepting and reducingexposure from scattered radiation. The staff should realize radiation exposurereductions of more than 90 percent through the correct use of any of the followingshielding options. Shields are most effective when placed as near to the radiationscatter source as possible. One of the personal protective equipments is leadaprons. The lead aprons should be wearing when using x-ray on patient. It containslead and often other materials such as tin, tungsten, antimony or barium that protectthe body from radiation. These metals are homogeneously mixed with syntheticrubber or polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Between two and five thin sheets of metal-impregnated rubber/PVC are placed between sheets of nylon fabric coated withurethane on the side against the lead-impregnated rubber/vinyl. The materials arecut into a pattern and sewn together to form the protective garment. Themanufacturers of these garments vary the number of sheets, the percentage of metal, the grade of rubber or PVC, and the mixture of metals to affect flexibility,durability, radiation absorption efficiency, and weight (cited from Reducing RadiationExposure). Although it is useful, the apron does not protect all the radiation. At least80% reduction is obtained when wearing the apron. The most common and newapron suggested for lab workers are two piece lead apron system because itprovides wrap-around protection and distribute the weight more evenly on the user.