The U.S. Energy Information Administration reports that the U.S. uses about 150 billion gallonsof gasoline annually. If every driver practiced eco-driving techniques, which can result in anEPA-estimated 15 percent benefit in fuel economy, more than 22 billion gallons of gas would besaved.Eco-driving techniques tested by Ford showed that motorists coached in eco-driving cansignificantly improve the fuel economy performance of their vehicles.
Here are simple tips thatany driver can use:
Slow down and watch speed –
Drive 55 mph instead of 65 to save fuel. EPA estimates a10 to 15 percent improvement in fuel economy by following this tip. Also, aim for aconstant speed. Pumping the accelerator sends more fuel into the engine. Using cruisecontrol whenever possible on the highway helps maintain speed and conserve fuel.
Accelerate and brake smoothly –
Accelerating smoothly from a stop and braking softlyconserves fuel. Fast starts, weaving in and out of traffic and hard braking wastes fuel andwears out some of the vehicle components, such as brakes and tires, more quickly.Maintain a safe distance between vehicles and anticipate traffic conditions to allow for more time to brake and accelerate gradually.
No idling –
Today’s engines don’t need a warm-up. Start the car immediately and gentlydrive away. Don’t leave your car idling. Prolonged idling increases emissions and wastesfuel. Turn the engine off in non-traffic situations, such as at bank and fast food drive-upwindows, when idling more than 30 seconds.
Check your tires –
Keep tires properly inflated to the recommended tire pressure. Thisalone can reduce the average amount of fuel use by 3 to 4 percent. Under-inflated tiresincrease rolling resistance and reduce fuel economy. They also wear more rapidly. Check the vehicle’s door-post sticker for minimum cold tire inflation pressure.
Be kind to your vehicle –
Maintain proper engine tune-up to keep vehicles runningefficiently. Keep the wheels aligned. Wheels that are fighting each other wastes fuel.Replace air filters as recommended. Use a fuel with good detergent additives to keep thevehicle engine clean and performing efficiently. Always consult the owner’s manual for proper maintenance.
Travel light –
Avoid piling a lot of luggage on the roof rack. The added frontal areareduces aerodynamics and will hurt fuel economy, reducing it by as much as 5 percent.Remove excess weight from the vehicle. Unnecessary weight, such as unneeded items in
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