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Hypothesis Test Full

# Hypothesis Test Full

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09/29/2012

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Testing of Hypothesis
Prof GRC Nair

A
hypothesis is a statement or claim / assumption /assertion, which is put to test.It is neither proved nor provable.
The accused is innocent,Earth is round, Vitamin Cprevents cold, Fiesta gives 20 km per liter,
Q
=
1
00 etc.Every hypothesis implies its contradiction or alternative.
The accused is guilty, Earth is flat, Vitamin C has noeffect on cold, Fiesta gives < 20 km only,
Q{
etc
What is a Hypothesis?
Testing is done on evidence from sample data.

A
Null Hypothesis,denoted byH
0
, may be an assertion.This is the assertion we hold to be true until we havesufficient statistical evidence to conclude otherwise.
H
0
:
Q
=

1
00
The
A
lternative Hypothesis,denoted byH
1
, is theassertion of situation
not
covered by the Null Hypothesis.
H
1
:
Q{
1
00 or H
1

<
1
00 or H
1
>

1
00
H
0
and H
1

are:
M
utually exclusive
±
O
nly one can be true.
Collectively Exhaustive
±
Togetherthey cover
all
possibilities, so one or theother
mus
be true.
Statistical Hypothesis Testing

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