multiple NICs and iSCSI HostBus Adapters (HBAs). Bothmethods support failover only(no load balancing, all other paths on standby), as well as afailover plus I/O load balancing.Load balancing policies include:
Round robin (all pathsactive, I/O sent in roundrobin fashion),
Round robin with a subsetof active paths,
Weighted path, in whichI/O is distributed to thepath with the lowestassigned weight.
Least Queue Depth, inwhich I/O is sent on thepath with the shortest I/Oqueue. This is onlyavailable for MC/S.Note that a key differencebetween the two multipathingapproaches is that for MC/S, loadbalancing policies apply to alllogical disks (LUNs) exposed by asession; for MPIO, the policiesapply to individual logical disks.
Support for x64
. The new 64-bitprocessors provide both 32 and64-bit capabilities on the sameprocessor, supporting both older 32 bit applications without loss of performance, as well as newer 64bit applications. X64 technologiesenable faster and more efficientapplication performance, becausemore data can be preloaded intovirtual memory, thereby reducingthe time it takes to seek, read, andwrite to storage devices. Version2.0 of the iSCSI Software Initiator enables applications on an iSCSISAN to take advantage of thehigher performance and scalabilityof x64 processors.
Supportability and DeploymentEnhancements
. The newestversion of the Microsoft iSCSISoftware Initiator improves eventlog messaging, providing newdetails on multipathing status,load balancing, and boundvolumes.The initial iSCSI release requiredattended setup; the latest releasesupports unattended setup ineither passive or quiet mode(defaults used in both cases;passive mode runs the UI onscreen, quiet mode does not).The new release also includesenhanced graphical user andcommand line interfaces.
Support for IPv6
. Also known asthe Next Generation InternetProtocol, IPv6 is designed to fullyinteroperate with the currentstandard (IPv4), and has beenarchitected specifically for GigabitEthernet. IPv6, fully supported inthe new iSCSI Software Initiator,solves many of the problemsassociated with IPv4, includingsecurity issues, autoconfigurationand extensibility.
. The newiSCSI Software Initiator providessupport for a number of additionalfeatures:
In addition to support for error recovery level 0, thenew version supports error recovery levels 1 and 2(CRC and connection failurerecovery, respectively). Botherror recovery levels arecritical for tape backupscenarios, because if thetape fails, the applicationtypically aborts. Error recovery level 2 allowsreestablishment of theiSCSI connection withoutapplication disruption.
Auto-discovery of iSNSserver.
Integration with VDS clients,including Storage Manager for SANs (part of WindowsServer™ 2003 R2). iSCSIintegration allowsadministrators to configuretargets using StorageManager for SANs.
Persistent binding of targetsother than disk, such astape devices and changers.
Persistent binding of administrator-specified
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