Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
3Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Notes in Applied Mathematics: 1

Notes in Applied Mathematics: 1

Ratings: (0)|Views: 34|Likes:
Published by John
Based on supplementary material provided in a class on ordinary differential equations
Based on supplementary material provided in a class on ordinary differential equations

More info:

Published by: John on Apr 16, 2010
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

10/04/2012

 
Math 312 - Applied Math handout # 1
Vertical projectile motion with resistance proportional to speed
Consider Newton’s Second Law for vertical motion (with
y
measured upwards):
dvdt 
mv
g
,
v
0
v
0
(1)Equation (1) can be solved using the integrating factor exp
kt 
 / 
m
or by the method of undeterminedcoefficients (try both if you’ve taken an ODE class!); the latter is a little quicker, so I write
v
ce
kt 
 / 
m
gm
and using the initial condition, we find that
c
gm
 / 
v
0
and so the speed of the ball is given by
v
v
0
gm
e
kt 
 / 
m
gm
(2)Notice from this equation that the
terminal speed
v
is defined by
v
lim
v
gm
which, for a feather, snowflake or whiffle ball, is pretty much achieved before it hits the ground.Suppose however that we are really only interested in the altitude
y
as a function of time; OK – if theball is projected upward from
y
0 then
y
0
0. Hence from (2)
 y
0

v
0
gm
e
ks
 / 
m
gm
ds
(3)where
s
is a dummy variable for
. Upon integrating we obtain
 y
m
v
0
gm
e
ks
 / 
m
gms
|
s
0
s
m
v
0
gm

1
e
kt 
 / 
m
gm
, 0
(4)where
is the time at which the ball hits the ground. Now for an interesting question: does the balltake longer to rise to its maximum height, or to fall back from that height? All I’m going to do hereis to graph
y
for various values of 
 / 
m
and
v
0
, and then draw some conclusions.Choosing
 / 
m
6 s
1
and
v
0
5,10,15,20 m/s, with
g
9.8 m/s
2
we find for
v
0
5 m/s
 y
1.1056
1
e
6
1.6333
the graph of which is the lowest of the four shown; the others get higher with increasing values of 
v
0
as would be expected.Note that the graph below is
not 
the path of the projectile.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->