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Antenna & Wave Guides

Antenna & Wave Guides

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Published by hafiz azman

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Published by: hafiz azman on Apr 17, 2010
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11/12/2012

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Prepared byMOHD TAUFIK BIN JUSOH @ TAJUDIN
 Antenna & Waveguides
 
Basic Antenna Operation
y
Size of antenna is inversely proportional to frequency
y
Relatively small antenna can efficiently radiate highfrequency electromagnetic waves while low-frequencywaves require relatively large antennas.
y
Every antenna has directional characteristic and radiatemore energy in certain direction.
y
Directional characteristic of antennas are used toconcentrate radiation in desired direction or capture energyarriving from a particular direction.
y
Electromagnetic wave reception occurs in an antennabecause the Electromagnetic flux of the wave cuts acrossantenna conductor therefore inducing a voltage into theconductor that varies with time. (same manner)
y
The induced voltage represents energy that the antennaabsorbs from the passing wave
 
Basic Antenna Operation (cont)
y
Basic antenna operation is best understood by looking at the voltagestanding wave patterns on a transmission line, shown in figure below
Radiation from a transmission line: (a) transmission-line radiation; (b)spreading conductors/dipole antenna; (c) Marconi antenna/ verticalmonopole; (d) Hertz antenna / half wave dipole antenna

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