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1 December 2001
June 2001-December 2001
Future International Environmental Security Issues and Potential MilitaryRequirements over the period of 2010 to 2025
Jerome C. Glenn and Theodore J. Gordon
American Council for the United Nations University4421 Garrison StreetWashington, DC 20016U.S. Army Environmental Policy InstituteMr. Peter Rzeszotarski101 Marietta Street, NW, Suite 3120Atlanta, Georgia 30303-2711AEPIAEPI-IFP-1201ADistribution Statement A: Approved for public release.Distribution is unlimited.
This report is the result of a Delphi study chartered to explore future environmental security issues having potential militaryimplications over the period of the Army Transformation. For the purposes of this study, environmental security is broadly defined as the viabilityof environmental (natural) systems to provide life support, with three sub-elements: preventing or repairing military damage to the environment;preventing or responding to environmentally caused conflicts; and protecting the environment due to the moral value of the environment itself.Panels of futurists, environmental scientists, and military personnel provided assessments of major issues and their causes. The study's participantsconcluded that military requirements are changing as a result of new kinds of weapons, asymmetrical conflicts, increasing demands on naturalresources, urbanization that is making more people dependent on vulnerable public utilities, continued advances in environmental law withescalating environmental litigation, and globalization that is increasing interdependence. The study also reached a consensus on five majoremerging issues worth further monitoring and assessment for their environmental implications to the Army: the use of biotechnology to build newkinds of weapons; a significant military conflict over water; the role of diseases in triggering conflicts; an increasing emphasis on the sustainableuse of natural resources; and the role of the military in large-scale remediation of chemical, biological, nuclear, or nanotechnology incidents orweapons use.
Delphi study, future research, environmental security, U.S. Army Transformation, conflict over water, battlefield remediation, weapons of mass destruction, biotechnology, nanotechnology, sustainabilityUnclassifiedUnclassifiedUnclassified123Mr. Peter Rzeszotarski(404) 524-9364