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Slum Upgrading

Slum Upgrading

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Published by: troelsvejby on Apr 17, 2010
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Slum upgrading, on microlevel in a global perspectiveDissertation, Copenhagen Technical AcademyAutumn 2009Troels Vejby, 7I
List of content
Acknowledgements .....................................2Preface.........................................................3Analysis - Defining the slum..........................5
The term “slum”...............................................5
Where to find slums.............................................6Who is affected....................................................7What was the beginning of slums?......................8
Housing.............................................................9Water and sanitation......................................11Describing the UN-HABITAT definition of “ad-equate housing”.............................................13
Discussion – Upgrading of today.................16
Housing construction......................................16
“Warm humid regions” and “dry hot regions” .16Ventilation through roof construction...............17Using the wall and the floor for ventilation andlight....................................................................18Improving building materials.............................19Wood ...........................................................19Adobe...........................................................20Bricks by wastepaper....................................22Plastic bottles as masonry............................23ecoBUILD......................................................23Concrete.......................................................25
Water and sanitation......................................25
In general...........................................................25Decentralized sanitation solutions.....................26Simple improved pit latrines........................27Ventilated improved pits (vip)......................28Pour-flush latrine..........................................28Composting dry latrine.................................29Locating the latrines.....................................30Decentralized water solutions ...........................30Instant microbiological purifier ...................31SQflex...........................................................31Centralized toilet and water solutions...............32Community-designed toilet blocks ..............32
Problems on administration and political level.........................................................................35
Designing a realistic building code ....................35Fire precaution in the slum................................36Using community contractors............................37
Review – Towards a better future...............39
Evaluating discussion......................................39
Building methods and materials........................39Water and sanitation.........................................40
Towards a better future for the slum dwellers42
Economical solutions.........................................43Microfinance................................................43Technological and building method solutions...44The IKEA concept..........................................44Energy supply solutions.....................................46Educational solutions.........................................47
Conclusion..................................................49
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Slum upgrading, on microlevel in a global perspectiveDissertation, Copenhagen Technical AcademyAutumn 2009Troels Vejby, 7I
Acknowledgements
1.Henriette Nobili Christiansen2.rgen Eskemose3.Kat4.Fader5.Ole6.Kiran Sandhu7.Mirona MotocThank you so much.Page 2

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