mechanism of communication between consulting and primary physicians. Communication between facilities is enhanced.
Objectives of telemedicine
“TeleMedicine is not an evolutionary concept but a revolutionary concept and at the heart of every revolution, there is the need for a sudden massive change, at the core of which is the humanmind.”By taking into consideration “Health For All,” we’ll discuss some objectives for whichTeleMedicine has originated.1. To make high quality healthcare available to traditionally under privileged population - InIndia, there is a large rural based population separated by large distances which needaccess to regular quality medical care. Telemedicine can enhance citizen’s equality in theavailability of various medical services and clinical health care, despite these economicand geographic barriers.2. Save the time wasted by both providers and patients in traveling from one geographiclocation to another to avail services on time- Think of a patient who requires immediatespecialist consultancy, and there is no specialist available to cater to him. This is where e-medicine could be utilized for effective healthcare delivery.3. Reduce costs of medical care – The ever- rising cost of healthcare is becoming a primeconcern. The incidental expenses related to patient care, i.e. the cost associated with factorsother than the actual medial care such as travel, accommodation for relatives, food etc alsocontribute substantially to the overall cost of treatment. In a country where healthinsurance is yet to catch up, all these are borne by patients, in many cases by selling property and livestock. If hospitals can reduce these costs associated with treatment, itwould go a long way in reducing the burden of care on the patient. E-medicine seems to bethe answer
Types of telemedicine
Telemedicine can be broken into three main categories:store-and-forward,remote monitoring
andinteractiveservices.Store-and-forward telemedicine involves acquiring medical data (likemedical images, biosignals
etc) and then transmitting this data to a doctor or medical specialist at a convenient time for assessmentoffline.It does not require the presence of both parties at the same time.Dermatology
(cf:teledermatology),radiology, and pathologyare common specialties that are conducive to
asynchronous telemedicine. A properly structured Medical Record preferably in electronicform
should be a component of this transfer. A key difference between traditional in-person patientmeetings and telemedicine encounters is the omission of an actual physical examination andhistory. The store-and-forward process requires the clinician to rely on a history report andaudio/video information in lieu of a physical examination.Remote monitoring, also known as self-monitoring/testing, enables medical professionals tomonitor a patient remotely using various technological devices. This method is primarily used for managing chronic diseases or specific conditions, such as heart disease, diabetes mellitus, or asthma. These services can provide comparable health outcomes to traditional in-person patientencounters, supply greater satisfaction to patients, and may be cost-effective.
Interactive telemedicine services provide real-time interactions between patient and provider, to include phone conversations, online communication and home visits. Manyactivities such as history review, physical examination, psychiatric evaluations and