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P. 1
Ch 1 - Problems

Ch 1 - Problems

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Published by Khris Griffis

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Published by: Khris Griffis on Apr 17, 2010
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01/19/2015

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1.
Identify the circled functional groups and linkages in the compound below.
Answer:A.
A Thiol (sulfhydryl) group
B.
Carbonyl group
C.
Amide linkage
D.
Phosphoanhydride (pyrophosphoryl) linkage
E.
Phosphoryl group (P
i
)
F.
Hydroxyl group
2.
Why is the cell membrane not an absolute barrier between the cytoplasm and the external environment?
Answer:
The cell membrane must be semipermeable so that the cell can retain essential compounds while allowingnutrients to enter and wastes to exit.
3.
A spheroidal bacterium with a diameter of 1
μ
m contains two molecules of a particular protein. What isthe molar concentration of the protein?
Answer:
Concentration = (number of moles)/(volume)
Problemshttp://edugen.wiley.com/edugen/courses/crs1900/rc/voet9301c01/dm9ld...1 of 54/17/2010 9:09 AM
 
4.
How many glucose molecules does the cell in Problem 3 contain when its internal glucose concentration is1.0 mM?
Answer:5.
(a) Which has greater entropy, liquid water at 0°C or ice at 0°C? (b) How does the entropy of ice at –5°Cdiffer, if at all, from its entropy at –50°C?
Answer:(a)
Liquid water;
(b)
ice has less entropy at the lower temperature.
6.
Does entropy increase or decrease in the following processes?
(a)(b)(c)(d)Answer:(a)
Decreases;
(b)
increases;
(c)
increases;
(d)
no change.
Problemshttp://edugen.wiley.com/edugen/courses/crs1900/rc/voet9301c01/dm9ld...2 of 54/17/2010 9:09 AM
 
7.
Consider a reaction with
Δ
 H 
= 15 kJ and
Δ
S
= 50 J · K 
 –1
. Is the reaction spontaneous (a) at 10°C, (b) at80°C?
Answer:(a)
Δ
G
is greater than zero, so the reaction is not spontaneous.
(b)
Δ
G
is less than zero, so the reaction is spontaneous.
8.
Calculate the equilibrium constant for the reactionat pH 7.0 and 25°C (
Δ
G
°
= –20.9 kJ · mol
 –1
).
Answer:9.
Calculate
Δ
G
°
for the reaction A + B C + D at 25°C when the equilibrium concentrations are [A] =10
μ
M, [B] = 15
μ
M, [C] = 3
μ
M, and [D] = 5
μ
M. Is the reaction exergonic or endergonic under standardconditions?
Answer:
Since
Δ
G
°
is positive, the reaction is endergonic under standard conditions.
10.
Δ
G
°
for the isomerization reactionis –7.1 kJ · mol
 –1
. Calculate the equilibrium ratio of [G1P] to [G6P] at 25°C.
Answer:
From Eq. 1-17,
Problemshttp://edugen.wiley.com/edugen/courses/crs1900/rc/voet9301c01/dm9ld...3 of 54/17/2010 9:09 AM

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