-Fucose is the 6-deoxy form of
(a) Deduce the structure of the disaccharide trehalose from the following information: Completehydrolysis yields only
-glucose; it is hydrolyzed by
-glucosidase but not
-glucosidase; and it does notreduce Cu
. (b) When exposed to dehydrating conditions, many plants and invertebratessynthesize large amounts of trehalose, which enables them to survive prolonged desiccation. What properties of the trehalose molecule might allow it to act as a water substitute?
The numerous hydrogen-bonding —OH groups of the disaccharide act as substitutes for water molecules.
How many different disaccharides of
-glucopyranose are possible?
The artificial sweetener sucralose is a derivative of sucrose with the formal name 1,6-dichloro-1,6-dideoxy-
-galactopyranoside. Draw its structure.
How many reducing ends are in a molecule of glycogen that contains 10,000 residues with a branchevery 10 residues?
Is amylose or amylopectin more likely to be a long-term storage polysaccharide in plants?
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