3Ms. Bhutto faced threats from a number of sources; these included Al-Qaida, theTaliban, local jihadi groups and potentially from elements in the PakistaniEstablishment. Yet the Commission found that the investigation focused on pursuinglower level operatives and placed little to no focus on investigating those further upthe hierarchy in the planning, financing and execution of the assassination.The investigation was severely hampered by intelligence agencies and othergovernment officials, which impeded an unfettered search for the truth. Moresignificantly, the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) conducted parallel investigations,gathering evidence and detaining suspects. Evidence gathered from such parallelinvestigations was selectively shared with the police.The Commission believes that the failure of the police to investigate effectively MsBhutto’s assassination was deliberate. These officials, in part fearing intelligenceagencies’ involvement, were unsure of how vigorously they ought to pursue actions,which they knew, as professionals, they should have taken.It remains the responsibility of the Pakistani authorities to carry out a serious, crediblecriminal investigation that determines who conceived, ordered and executed thisheinous crime of historic proportions, and brings those responsible to justice. Doingso would constitute a major step toward ending impunity for political crimes in thiscountry.
On 27 December 2007, former Pakistani Prime Minister Mohtarma BenazirBhutto was assassinated as she left a campaign event at Liaquat Bagh, in the Pakistanicity of Rawalpindi. In the attack on Ms Bhutto, 24 other people were killed and 91injured.2.
In May 2008, the Government of Pakistan requested the Secretary-General of the United Nations to establish an international commission for the purpose of investigating the assassination of Ms Bhutto. After extensive consultations withPakistani officials as well as with members of the United Nations Security Council,the Secretary-General decided to appoint a three member Commission of Inquiry todetermine the facts and circumstances of the assassination of the former primeminister. It was agreed with the Government of Pakistan that the internationalcommission should be fact-finding in nature and not be a criminal investigation. Theduty of carrying out a criminal investigation, finding the perpetrators and bringingthem to justice, remains with the competent Pakistani authorities. On the basis of thisagreement, the Secretary-General wrote to the President of the Security Council, on 2February 2009, informing of his wish to accede to the request and establish a threemember Commission of Inquiry. The President of the Security Council responded on3 February 2009 and took note with appreciation of the intention stated in the