Problems in hypothesis testing
A manufacturer for a new motorcycle claims for it an average mileage of 60 km per litrewith a standard deviation of 2 km under city conditions. However, the average mileage in64 trials is found to be 57 km. Is the manufacturer’s claim justified?
An owner of the press claims that the life of its largest web press is 14,500 hours with astandard deviation of 2,100 hours. From a sample of 25 presses, the company finds asample mean of 13,000 hours. Do you think that the average life of the presses isdifferent from 14,500 hours as claimed by the company? Verify it at 0.01 level of significance.
A radio shop sells, on an average, 200 radios per day with a standard deviation of 50radios. After an extensive advertising campaign, the management will compute theaverage sales for the next 25 days to see whether an improvement has occurred. Assumethat the daily sales of radios are normally distributed.I.Write down the null and alternative hypothesesII.
Test the hypothesis at 5 percent level of significance if xbar = 216.III.
How large must xbar be in order that the null hypothesis is rejected at 5 percentlevel of significance?
An aircraft manufacturer needs to buy aluminium sheets of 0.05 inch in thickness.Thinner sheets would not be appropriate and thicker sheets would be too heavy. Theaircraft manufacturer takes a random sample of 100 sheets and finds that their averagethickness is 0.048 inch and their standard deviation is 0.01 inch. Should the aircraftmanufacturer buy the aluminium sheets from his supplier if he wants to make thedecision at(i) 5 percent level of significance?(ii) 1 percent level of significance?
An advertising company feels that 20 percent of the population in the age group of 18 to25 years in a town watch a specific serial. To test this assumption, a random sample of