INDO-US CIVILIAN NUCLEAR AGREEMENT-
The Indo-U.S. civilian nuclear agreement
known also as the Indo-U.S. nuclear deal, refers to a bilateral accord on civil nuclear cooperation between the United States of America and theRepublic of India. The framework for this agreement was a July 18, 2005 joint statement byIndian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and then U.S. President George W. Bush, under whichIndia agreed to separate its civil and military nuclear facilities and place all its civil nuclear facilities under International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards and, in exchange, theUnited States agreed to work toward full
civil nuclear cooperation with India. The nuclear dealwas widely seen as a legacy-building effort by President Bush and Prime Minister Singh.
OnAugust 1, 2008, the IAEA approved the safeguards agreement with India, after which the UnitedStates approached the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) to grant a waiver to India to commencecivilian nuclear trade. On October 1, 2008 the US Senate also approved the civilian nuclear agreement allowing India to purchase nuclear fuel and technology from the United States. U.S.President, George W. Bush, signed the legislation on the Indo-US nuclear deal, approved by theU.S. Congress, into law, now called the United States-India Nuclear Cooperation Approval and Non-proliferation Enhancement Act, on October 8, 2008. The agreement was signed by IndianExternal Affairs Minister Pranab Mukherjee and his counterpart Secretary of State CondoleezzaRice, on 10 October.HYDE ACT AND 123 AGREEMENT-The Henry
. Hyde United States-India Peaceful Atomic Energy Cooperation Act of 2006, alsoknown as the Hyde Act, is the U.S. domestic law that modifies the requirements of Section 123of the U.S. Atomic Energy Act to permit nuclear cooperation with India.
The 123 agreementdefines the terms and conditions for bilateral civilian nuclear cooperation, and requires separateapprovals by the U.S. Congress and by Indian cabinet ministers. According to the Nuclear Power Corporation of India, the agreement will help India meet its goal of adding 25,000 MW of nuclear power capacity through imports of nuclear reactors and fuel by 2020.