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india us friendship

india us friendship

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Published by amul2804

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Published by: amul2804 on Apr 18, 2010
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09/23/2010

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USA –INDIA AN ERA OF NEW FRIENDSHIP
INTRODUCTION
As every one knows USA is the world’s greatest powerful country and INDIA is the largestdemocratic country. In recent years INDIA and US has become a good friend. US consider their future role in the world and India represents a singularly positive opportunity to USA due to therise of a democratic and increasingly powerful India. That is why building a close U.S.-India partnership should be one of the United States' highest priorities for the future. US share anabundance of political, economic, and military interests with India today. In an age of anti-Americanism, according to the most recent Pew Global Attitudes survey, nearly six in tenIndians view the United States favorably. In the past decade, both President Bill Clinton andPresident George W. Bush recognized this opportunity and acted to construct a completely newfoundation for U.S. ties with India. US – INDIA relationship now is fastest-developingfriendship with any major country in the world. Both countries are working together effectivelyto counter terrorism, drug trafficking, and nuclear proliferation. In India, both the ruling Indian National Congress and the opposition Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) have worked for over adecade to elevate India's ties with the United States. Former US President Bush called for thetwo countries to jump-start their relationship in four strategic areas: civil nuclear energy, civilianspace programs, high-tech commerce, and missile defense. In July2005 when Prime Minister shriManmohan singh visited Washington than former US president bush said that the United Statesis prepare to offer India the benefits of full civil nuclear energy cooperation and US will helpINDIA to construct new power plants and will provide nuclear fuel and technology to run thenuclear plants.
 
In New Delhi in March 2006, President Bush and Prime Minister Singhannounced the realization of this vision through the U.S.-India Civil Nuclear CooperationInitiative.
 
The U.S.-India Friendship Council was formed in 2005 with the sole purpose of ratifying the U.S.-India civil nuclear deal. It has been advocating for passage for implementinglegislation since 2006. In recent years there are a lot of agreements and partnership betweenINDIA and US related with nuclear energy, education,
 
terrorism, trade, environment, health,agriculture, security, science and technology, space programs etc.
 
INDO-US CIVILIAN NUCLEAR AGREEMENT-
The Indo-U.S. civilian nuclear agreement
,
known also as the Indo-U.S. nuclear deal, refers to a bilateral accord on civil nuclear cooperation between the United States of America and theRepublic of India. The framework for this agreement was a July 18, 2005 joint statement byIndian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and then U.S. President George W. Bush, under whichIndia agreed to separate its civil and military nuclear facilities and place all its civil nuclear facilities under International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards and, in exchange, theUnited States agreed to work toward full
 
civil nuclear cooperation with India. The nuclear dealwas widely seen as a legacy-building effort by President Bush and Prime Minister Singh.
 
OnAugust 1, 2008, the IAEA approved the safeguards agreement with India, after which the UnitedStates approached the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) to grant a waiver to India to commencecivilian nuclear trade. On October 1, 2008 the US Senate also approved the civilian nuclear agreement allowing India to purchase nuclear fuel and technology from the United States. U.S.President, George W. Bush, signed the legislation on the Indo-US nuclear deal, approved by theU.S. Congress, into law, now called the United States-India Nuclear Cooperation Approval and Non-proliferation Enhancement Act, on October 8, 2008. The agreement was signed by IndianExternal Affairs Minister Pranab Mukherjee and his counterpart Secretary of State CondoleezzaRice, on 10 October.HYDE ACT AND 123 AGREEMENT-The Henry
. Hyde United States-India Peaceful Atomic Energy Cooperation Act of 2006, alsoknown as the Hyde Act, is the U.S. domestic law that modifies the requirements of Section 123of the U.S. Atomic Energy Act to permit nuclear cooperation with India.
 
The 123 agreementdefines the terms and conditions for bilateral civilian nuclear cooperation, and requires separateapprovals by the U.S. Congress and by Indian cabinet ministers. According to the Nuclear Power Corporation of India, the agreement will help India meet its goal of adding 25,000 MW of nuclear power capacity through imports of nuclear reactors and fuel by 2020.
 
BILATERAL AVIATION SAFETY AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIA ANDUSA-
India and USA are working on a Bilateral Aviation Safety Agreement (BASA), which wouldlead to mutual acceptance of aeronautical products/parts developed in either country. Sinceaeronautical products are now being designed and manufactured in India, a need was felt for international acceptance of such products.
 
The BASA process with a limited scope is expected to be completed by end of year 2010.US-INDIA AVIATION COOPERATION PROGRAMME (ACP)The US-India Aviation Cooperation Program (ACP), a public-private partnership between theU.S. Trade Development Agency (USTDA), the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)and U.S. aviation companies, has been established to provide a forum for unified communication between the Government of India and U.S. public and private sector entities in India. The ACP isdesigned to work directly with the Indian Government to identify and support India’s civilaviation sector modernization priorities.The ACP’s specific objectives are to: (i) promote enhanced safety, operational efficiency andsystem capacity in the Indian aviation sector; (ii) facilitate and coordinate aviation industrytraining and technical ties between the U.S. and India; and (iii) strengthen overall US-Indiaaviation cooperation. Funding for training and technical assistance programs is provided byUSTDA and the in-kind support will be provided by FAA and US aviation companies.Through the mechanism of ACP, Indian and US officials has identified specific areas for technical co-operation, which include:· Air traffic flow management· Certification of aeronautical products· Certification of Global Navigational Satellite System (GNSS)· Development of human resources.· Assistance in the area of helicopter operations.

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