MENG 208August 28, 2009Dr. Camilo A. PolingaBASIC DEFINITIONS
Nonconventional Energy Systems
refer to energy systems which utilizerenewable energy resources.
Nonconventional Energy Resources
are energy resources in which theconversion or utilization technology for large-scale application are not as welldeveloped or widely used. It include the direct and indirect form of solar, tidal,nuclear converter and breeder reactors and fusion.Characteristics of Nonconventional Energy
± there is no lower limit on the total quantity of energy resourceconsumed by the system. The resource is renewed regularly, thus the system cansupply energy continuously.
- the systems using locally-available energy resources such as biomass, solar, wind and hydro which do not require foreign exchange. Also,most of the energy systems¶ equipment and components can be locallymanufactured.
The energy systems become more economically competitive for small energy demands (below megawatt level) in remote areas
systems are more desirable for decentralized operation sinceenergy resources used are dispersed but widely available; and small-scaleoperations are more economical.
energy systems can easily be sized to meet the exact amount of energyneeds of any project.Types of Energy System
iomass Energy Systems
± are energy systems which use organic matter, primarily plant and animal matter, through either thermo-chemical or biochemical processes to produce energy.
Solar Energy Systems -
are energy systems which directly convert solar radiation into useful energy in the form of thermal or electrical energy.
ind Energy Systems ±
are energy systems which use wind turbine to convertthe energy in the wind to rotary motion which in turn produces mechanical or electrical energy.
icrohydro Systems -
are energy systems usually in the range of 20 to 30kilowatts, which use water turbine to rotary motion to produce mechanical or electrical energy.