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LDS Old Testament Handout 24: Jeremiah

LDS Old Testament Handout 24: Jeremiah

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Published by Mike Parker
All Old Testament notes: http://www.scribd.com/collections/4343354
Class website: http://bit.ly/ldsarc
Notes for this handout: http://www.scribd.com/doc/32917836
Slideshow for this handout: http://www.scribd.com/doc/221485389
All Old Testament notes: http://www.scribd.com/collections/4343354
Class website: http://bit.ly/ldsarc
Notes for this handout: http://www.scribd.com/doc/32917836
Slideshow for this handout: http://www.scribd.com/doc/221485389

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Published by: Mike Parker on Apr 19, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/02/2014

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© 2014, Mike Parker http://bit.ly/ldsarc For personal use only. Not a Church publication.
continued…
 
Background on Jeremiah
The author
 
He is identified as “Jeremiah, the son of
Hilkiah
” (
Jeremiah 1:1).
 
His name,
yirmeyah
 or
yirmeyahu
, means
“may Jehovah raise up,” “Jehovah loosens [the womb],” or “Jehovah founded.”
 
 
His father was a priest at Anathoth (1:1), a  village two to three miles north of Jerusalem in the territory of Benjamin.
 
He was probably a descendant of Abiathra, priest of David whom Solomon exiled to  Anathoth when he became king (1 Kings 2:26
27).
 
His family owned land (Jeremiah 32:9) and may have been wealthy.
 
He never married and had no children (16:1
4).
 
He was the last major prophet of the Southern Kingdom of Judah before the Babylonian captivity and exile began in 587
B
.
C
.
 
He was a contemporary of Lehi, and possibly of Habakkuk and Obadiah. Ezekiel and Daniel were taken to Babylon as young men  when Jeremiah was prophesying.
 
 According to Rabbinic tradition, he was the author of the books of Jeremiah, Lamentations, and 1 and 2 Kings. His scribe, Baruch, is also credited with writing four of his own eponymous books.
 
Many of Jeremiah’s prophecies were
included on the plates of brass obtained by Nephi
1
 (1 Nephi 5:13). Nephi
2
 noted
Jeremiah’s prophecies of the destruction of
Jerusalem and the coming of the Son of God (Helaman 8:20).
Date
 
Jeremiah was born about 640
B
.
C
. He was called as a prophet in 627, the thirteenth year of King Josiah (Jeremiah 1:2; 25:3). He  began his ministry in 621, the year Josiah  began his religious reforms (1:13
19; 15:16; 2 Kings 22:1
23:28), and continued after he  went into exile in Egypt following the overthrow of Judah by the Babylonians in 587 (43:1
7). He died in Egypt sometime thereafter.
 
Jeremiah’s ministry extended through the
reigns of five kings of Judah:
o
 
Josiah (640
609
B
.
C
.; 2 Kings 21:24
 23:30).
o
 
Jehoahaz (609; 2 Kings 23:30
34).
o
 
Jehoiakim (609
598; 2 Kings 23:34
 24:6).
o
 
Jehoiachin (598
597; 2 Kings 24:6
16).
o
 
Zedekiah (597
587; 2 Kings 24:17
 25:7).
Historical setting
In the late 7th century
B
.
C
. the Babylonians overthrew the Assyrians and became the major power in the Near East. The transition allowed Judah a brief period of independence, during  which King Josiah was able to carry out significant
religious reforms. But after Josiah’s death
, Judah rejected the Josian reformations, and the Lord allowed the Babylonians to overtake Judah and carry her people into captivity and exile.
642
B
.
C
.:
 Wicked king Manasseh died after a 55- year reign. His son Amon reigned in his stead. (2 Kings 21:1, 18.)
640:
 Amon was killed by anti-Assyrian conspirators. His eight-year-old son Josiah was made king (2 Kings 21:23
22:1). Jeremiah was  born around this time.
627:
 Ashurbanipal, last powerful king of Assyria, died.
626:
Nabopolassar of Babylon lead a revolt against Assyria. Judah and most other nations under Assyrian control also revolted. Jeremiah received his call to be a prophet.
622:
 Hilkiah the high priest found
the book of the law 
” in the temple. Based on its contents,
Josiah began his attempts at cleansing the temple and reforming Israelite religious worship (2 Kings 22:3
23:25
). Jeremiah supported Josiah’s
 reforms (Jeremiah 11:1
8; 17:19
27) and began his ministry about this time.
612:
 Nineveh, the Assyrian capital, fell to the combined forces of the Medes and Babylonians.
609:
 Josiah was killed in battle against the Egyptians, who supported Assyria (2 Kings 23:29
30). Jeremiah composed laments for Josiah (2 Chronicles 35:25)
. Josiah’s son
Jehoahaz reigned only three months before being taken captive to Egypt. His brother Jehoiakim was installed as a puppet ruler loyal to Egypt (2 Kings 23:31
37).
605
: King Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon defeated the Egyptians at Carchemish (Jeremiah 46:3
12). Jeremiah prepared a scroll of his revelations,  which King Jehoiakim burned (36:1
26). Jeremiah wrote the revelations again on a second
scroll, and “
added besides unto them many like  words
” (36:27–
32).
604:
 Nebuchadnezzar quickly conquered the Syro-Palestine region. For the next three years, Judah paid tribute to the Babylonians (2 Kings 24:1). The young boy Daniel was taken into captivity in Babylon about this time (Daniel 1:1
7).
602:
Judah joined Egypt and rebelled against Babylon. The rebellion failed and Babylon sent Chaldeans, Syrians, Moabites, and Ammonites to plunder Judah (2 Kings 24:2).

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