The Council on Foreign Relations,Inc.,a nonprofit,nonpartisan national organization found-ed in 1921,is dedicated to promoting understanding of international affairs through thefree and civil exchange of ideas.The Council’s members are dedicated to the belief thatAmerica’s peace and prosperity are firmly linked to that of the world.From this flows themission of the Council:to foster America’s understanding of other nations,peoples,cul-tures,histories,hopes,quarrels,and ambitions and thus to serve our nation through study and debate,private and public. THE COUNCIL TAKES NO INSTITUTIONAL POSITION ON POLICY ISSUESAND HAS NO AFFILIATION WITH THE U.S.GOVERNMENT.ALL STATE-MENTS OF FACT AND EXPRESSIONS OF OPINION CONTAINED IN ALL ITSPUBLICATIONS ARE THE SOLE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE AUTHOR OR AUTHORS. The Council will sponsor an Independent Task Force when (1) an issue of current andcritical importance to U.S.foreign policy arises,and (2) it seems that a group diverse inbackgrounds and perspectives may,nonetheless,be able to reach a meaningful consensuson a policy through private and nonpartisan deliberations.Typically,a Task Force meetsbetween two and five times over a brief period to ensure the relevance of its work.Given the timely nature of the policy issue,an interim report is produced to communicatethe progress of the group’s deliberations and recommendations.Upon reaching a final con-clusion,the Task Force issues a complete report,and the Council publishes its text and postsit on the Council website.Task Force Reports can take three forms:(1) a strong andmeaningful policy consensus,with Task Force members endorsing the general policy thrust and judgments reached by the group,though not necessarily every finding and rec-ommendation;(2) a report stating the various policy positions,each as sharply and fairly as possible;or (3) a “Chairman’s Report,”where Task Force members who agree with theChairman’s Report may associate themselves with it,while those who disagree may sub-mit dissenting statements.Upon reaching a conclusion,a Task Force may also ask individuals who were not members of the Task Force to associate themselves with the Task Force Reportto enhance its impact.All Task Force Reports “benchmark”their findings against currentadministration policy in order to make explicit areas of agreement and disagreement.The Task Force is solely responsible for its report.The Council takes no institutional position.For further information about the Council or this Task Force,please write the Council onForeign Relations,58 East 68th Street,New York,NY 10021,or call the Director of Com-munications at (212) 434-9400.Visit our website at www.cfr.org.Copyright © 2000 by the Council on Foreign Relations
,Inc.All rights reserved.Printed in the United States of America. This book may not be reproduced in whole or in part,in any form (beyond that copyingpermitted by Sections 107 and 108 of the U.S.Copyright Law and excerpts by reviewersfor the public press),without written permission from the publisher.For information,writePublications Office,Council on Foreign Relations,58 East 68
Street,New York,NY 10021.