Windows 98, 98 SE, Me, and 2000 have an Automatic Private IP Addressing (APIPA)feature that will automatically assign an Internet Protocol address to a computer on which itinstalled. This occurs when the TCP/IP protocol is installed, set to obtain it's IP addressautomatically from a Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server, and when there is noDHCP server present or the DHCP server is not available. TheInternet Assigned NumbersAuthority (IANA)has reserved private IP addresses in the range of
for Automatic Private IP Addressing.
What is an RFC? Name a few if possible (not necessarily the numbers, just the ideasbehind them) What is RFC 1918?
Address Allocation for Private Internets February 1996capabilities of Internet Service Providers. Efforts are in progresswithin the community to find long term solutions to both of theseproblems. Meanwhile it is necessary to revisit address allocationprocedures, and their impact on the Internet routing system.
What is CIDR?
anIP addressingscheme that replaces the oldersystem based on classes A, B, and C. With CIDR, a single IP address can be used to designatemany unique IP addresses. A CIDR IP address looks like a normal IP address except that itends with a slash followed by a number, called the
IP network prefix.
For example:22.214.171.124/16The IP network prefix specifies how many addresses are covered by the CIDR address, withlower numbers covering more addresses. An IP network prefix of
for example, can beused to address 1,048,576 former Class C addresses.CIDR addresses reduce the size of routing tables and make more IP addresses availablewithin organizations.CIDR is also called
You have the following Network ID: 126.96.36.199/27. What is the IP range for yournetwork
?188.8.131.52 to 184.108.40.206
You have the following Network ID: 220.127.116.11. You need at least 500 hosts pernetwork. How many networks can you create? What subnet mask will you use?
No of networks = 128 ,I User Subnet Mask = 255.255.254.0