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Wind Energy

Wind Energy

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Published by: sweetgunjan on Apr 20, 2010
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08/15/2014

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Wind energy• Energy from wind power is becoming an increasingly significant source of energy• (considering that the price of oil is getting dearer)1. this specially so for oil deficient developing nations like India which meet their energy needs by importing oil.2. providing fact and figures analyze the opportunities and challenges that windenergy companies face in setting up wind farms in India.▪ Also do u think wind energy is viable if the government decide to stop extendingsubsidies?interoductionThe inevitable consequence of fossil fuels is that they are finite and will run outeventually. At the moment resources like oil and gas are at premium rates. Whether thisis being driven by market forces or these resources are genuinely becoming scarce isdebatable. What isn't debatable is that governments and the general population are beginning to feel the pinch of these prices and are looking for alternatives. Solar power and wind energy have been popular ways to create energy for many centuries but have been largely ignored by governments and utilities companies because they were reliant onthe elements which, in a word, were unreliable. However for individual properties in theright environments they are useful. They have the added advantage that they arerenewable and do not give off greenhouse gases that harm the environment. This articlewill look at some of the issues around solar power and wind energy.Solar and wind power are quite straightforward in how they work. Solar power derives itsenergy from the sun, either passively through direct heating or actively through photovoltaic cells that convert photons to electricity.Wind energy is derived from the air that is converted to mechanical energy, in the shapeof a turbine, that can then be used directly or to create electricity.Advantages of Solar and Wind Power There are quite a few advantages to solar and wind power. The energy is free after installation and the equipment requires minimal maintenance. Both methods are pollution-free with no greenhouse gases emitted.In terms of solar power, little maintenance is needed for the solar panels. A wind turbinedoes not interfere with the land around it so this can be used for animals to graze or  planting of crops. In other words, the land is not totally wasted with the wind power turbines.Disadvantages of Solar Power and Wind EnergyBoth of these forms of energy creation are reliant on the elements, however further research, especially in solar technology, is making these systems more efficient. Japanand Germany lead the way in solar research and these countries are not noted for long periods of sunshine throughout the year.Wind power can be quite noisy because of the spinning of the turbine blades. Dependingon how big the turbine is, some people may think that the structure is unsightly and ruinsthe landscape.With both solar and wind power, a lot of turbines and reflectors are needed to make asignificant energy impact for an area. And with solar power, the cells that capture theenergy produce DC power which must then be converted to AC power.
 
With solar power, solar heat and electricity cannot be produced at night or when there isno direct sunlight, so complementary power sources must be used as a contingency.Many people that live off the grid utilize solar power, wind energy and a generator astheir energy sources. The generator is the ultimate back up but the solar and wind power can be combined to produce all the households needs provided the house is insulatedadequately.Solar power and wind energy are the way to go in remote areas like farms or countrieswith under developed utility infrastructures. However it may not be too far away in thetowns and cities. This is especially the case of solar panels, that are fairly unobtrusive andhave many incentives and rebates to use themWind energy certainly is viable in many parts of the world without subsidy. We camedangerously close to finding out exactly how viable it would be this year in the U.S.,when an extension of the Production Tax Credit (PTC) was extended into 2009 at the lastminute as one of the "sweeteners" that got the $700 billion Wall St bailout passed.http://www.nicholas.duke.edu/nicholas/in...The current subsidy for wind energy in the U.S. is PTC, which is a tax credit currentlyequal to 2 cents per kWh. The price for electricity varies significantly by region, so someregions are more closely tied to the PTC than others to make the economics of a wind project work out. For example, the price for electricity is only about 4.5 cents per kWh inthe Midwest (e.g. Oklahoma, Kansas, North Dakota), so that extra 2 cent per kWh makesa huge difference. In other parts of the country (California, Hawaii, New England), the price of electricity is over 10 cents per kWh, so the 2 cent tax credit is relatively lessvaluable there.The bottom line is that there are several places under development now in the U.S. thatare good enough to justify being built without the 2 cents per kWh tax credit - theseselect locations are very windy, close to a transmission line, and/or in areas with highelectricity prices. Without the subsidy, the growth of wind energy in the United States(same goes for the rest of the world, to my knowledge) would be severely affected.Thousands of people would be laid off, a significant portion of projects would becanceled, and we'd all go back to burning lots of cheap and dirty coal, nuclear, hydro, andfinally natural gas to fill off the balance of our energy needs.Regarding your question about oil imports in countries like India, I think you might beslightly misguided. Wind energy does not provide fuel for transportation, just electricity.Until we have a way to develop the hydrogen economy(http://auto.howstuffworks.com/hydrogen-e... convert electricity to hydrogen fuel,distribute it through a nationwide infrastructure we don't have, and put it in cars that arecurrently cost-prohibitive), we will remain addicted to oil. The alternative to oil (for now)is ethanol. Especially in places like Brazil, which have plenty of land and a great climatefor growing sugar cane ethanol rather than the subsidized corn ethanol we produce herein the U.S.Wind energy is the cheapest form of renewable energy currently available, and it will getcheaper in the coming years as the credit crisis corrects what has been a massive seller's
 
market for wind turbines in the last few years. Competition in wind turbinemanufacturing is up, and the cost of steel (the 80 m towers) and cement (the massivefoundations) is down. These factors will lead to wind energy becoming cheaper in thenext few years. Wind energy can be cost-competitive with natural gas, offsetting our needfor this finite resource and (hopefully) lowering prices for consumers. That's the long-term benefit of the subsidy - get the industry built up now so we will be well set for afuture of increasingly scarce oil and natural gas, which will be imported from unstableregions of the world.'Wind energy is the fastest growing energy source'Shakti S. Singh —Dr. Sunil Motiwal, Former Director General, Indian Wind Turbine Manufacturers'Association and President, Matrix Consulting GroupWhat are the prospects for non-conventional energy source?Renewable energy sources offer viable options to address energy security concerns in acountry. Today, India has one of the highest potentials for the effective use of renewable.There is significant potential for generation of power from renewable energy sources,such as wind, small hydro, biomass and solar energy. Therefore a special emphasis has been laid on the generation of grid quality power from renewable sources of energy.Currently, we see the focus on non-conventional energy missing in India. We areexporting solar and wind power equipment worth Rs 1,200 crore.Why haven't alternative sources of energy taken off in a big way?The general public has to proactively adopted products and services based on non-conventional energy sources. This has not yet happened in India. The ministry of new andrenewable energy has taken efforts to popularise these sources of energy and will domore through audiovisual, print and other mediums. In addition, there is need to educateschools and colleges about the use of alternative energy.What is the scenario in wind power generation in India and abroad?Worldwide five nations, Germany, USA, Denmark, Spain and India, account for 80 per cent of the world's installed wind energy capacity. Wind energy continues to be thefastest growing renewable energy source with worldwide wind power installed capacityreaching 14,000 mw.With a number of international players having set up manufacturing facilities here, thecountry is rapidly emerging as a manufacturing and knowledge hub for wind power development.Explain the potential of wind energy in India.India has the potential to produce as much as 45,000 mw. The whole world is focusing onnon-conventional energy but we see this is missing in India. It is the only source wherethe power cost freezes in the beginning and does not increase. The government will haveto give top priority to this sector.Growth in conventional power generation has been limited due to fuel transportation problems, new environmental regulations and long gestation period. As against this, windelectric power generation can be put on line in as low as six months. Also, wind power is

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