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Item 5

# Item 5

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05/04/2011

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5.









 

 
This system is a predator-prey model
.

First equation (Prey Population):
y

is the linear birth rate
.
The term


indicates that the population of the prey is aVerhulstian/logistic type (i
.
e
.
it is bounded by the carrying capacity
) if predation is absent
.

y



is the effect of predation, which is the reduction in the preys per capita growthrate that is proportional to the prey and predators population
.
However, the constant of proportionality,

is affected by

.
This means that as
decreases, then the effect of predation decreases exponentially
.
Also, as
increases, then the effect of predation increasesexponentially
.
If
, then there will be no predation, which is actually trivial
.

S
econd equation (Predator Population):
y


means that in the absence of prey, predators population results in exponential decay withrate
.

y


is the preys contribution to the predators growth
.
The size of the predatorspopulation directly affects the contribution
.
The effect of preys population is indicated in

.
As
decreases, then the positive effect of the value of
to the predators populationgrowth decreases exponentially
.
Also, as
increases, then the positive effect of the value of
tothe predators population growth increases exponentially, and probably the predator is happy withthe plentiful number of preys to devour
.
Nondimensionalizing the system:Let

   
  

y

















y



 


 




  






0

y

,

y

,
Note that

and



Stability Analysis:
J
acobian Matrix

 











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