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Light Dependent Resistors

Light Dependent Resistors

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Published by: arahn363 on Apr 20, 2010
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11/30/2014

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LIGHT DEPENDENT RESISTORS
LDRs or Light Dependent Resistors are very useful especially inlight/dark sensor circuits. Normally the resistance of an LDR is very high,sometimes as high as 1000 000 ohms, but when they are illuminated withlight resistance drops dramatically.
What is a Light Dependent Resistor? 
A light dependent resistor is a small, round semiconductor. Lightdependent resistors are used to re-charge a light during different changesin the light, or they are made to turn a light on during certain changes inlights. One of the most common uses for light dependent resistors is intraffic lights. The light dependent resistor controls a built in heater insidethe traffic light, and causes it to recharge over night so that the light never dies. Other common places to find light dependent resistors are in: infrareddetectors, clocks and security alarms.
Identification
A light dependent resistor is shaped like a quarter. They are small, andcan be nearly any size. Other names for light dependent resistors are:photoconductors, photo resistor, or a CdS cell. There are black lines on oneside of the light dependent resistor. The overall color of a light dependentresistor is gold. Usually other electrical components are attached to thelight dependent resistor by metal tubes soldered to the sides of the lightdependent resistor.
Function
 
The main purpose of a light dependent resistor is to change thebrightness of a light in different weather conditions. This can easily beexplained with the use of a watch. Some watches start to glow in the dark sothat it is possible to see the time without having to press any buttons. It isthe light dependent resistor that allows the watch to know when it has gottendark, and change the emissions level of the light at that time. Traffic lightsuse this principle as well but their lights have to be brighter in the day time.
Considerations
Light dependent resistors have become very useful to the world. Withoutthem lights would have to be on all the time, or they would have to bemanually adjusted. A light dependent resistor saves money and time for anycreation that needs a change in light. Another feature of the light dependentresistor is that it can be programmed to turn on with changes in movements.This is an extremely useful feature that many security systems employ.Security would be harder without light dependent resistors.
Expert Insight
It is possible to build a light dependent resistor into an existing lightcircuit. There are many electrical plans that outline how to install one.Usually the sign for a light dependent resistor on these plans is marked by arectangle with two arrows pointing down to it. This shows the placement of the light dependent resistor in the circuit so that
it will work properly. Usually
only an electrician can build new circuits, however.
Benefits
There are many great benefits to light dependent resistors. They allowless power to be used in many different kinds of lights. They help lights lastmuch longer. They can be trigged by several different kinds of triggers,which is very useful for motion lights and security systems. They are alsovery useful in watches and cars so that the lights can turn on automaticallywhen it becomes dark. There are a lot of things that light dependentresistors can do.
 
Measure Light Intensity using Light DependentResistor (LDR)
The resistance of the Light Dependent Resistor (LDR) varies accordingto the amount of light that falls on it. The relationship between the resistanceR
L
and light intensity Lux for a typical LDR isR
L
= 500 / Lux KohmWith the LDR connected to 5V through a 3.3K resistor, the outputvoltage of the LDR isVo = 5*R
L
/ (R
L
+3.3)Reworking the equation, we obtain the light intensityLux = (2500/Vo - 500)/3.3

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anachronismatic reviewed this
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What an amazing load of drivel. The description of the LDR makes no sense at all, is inaccurate and misleading. I found this by researching material presented by one of my students. There is an obligation to post accurate material on the internet. The letterbox circuit is amazingly banal. The battery would run down in a couple of hours. It is a poor design andthe same effect could be achieved more successfully and more cheaply by substituting a single transistor for the 555 timer chip. Is this site moderated at all?? I notice that there is a 'like' button but no 'dislike' option. I have to choose a rating - I am choosing one star since I am not allowed to select none.
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