THE PEACE CORPS CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET JUSTIFICATION
Education Environment Health and HIV/AIDSCapital AntananarivoPopulation million Annual per capita income GDP growth . Foreign direct investment millionAdult illiteracy rate Male: Female: Infant mortality rate per , live birthsImmunization rate DPT: Measles: Access to an improved water source HIV/AIDS prevalence . Religions Indigenous beliefs: Christianity: Islam: Ofﬁcial languages French Malagasy
COUNTRY PROGRAM OVERVIEW
An independent kingdom until 1896, Madagascar was colo-nized by France until adopting a constitution and declaring full independence in 1960. During 1992-93, free presidential and National Assembly elections were held, ending 17 years of single-party rule. In 1997, Didier Ratsiraka, the leader dur-ing the 1970s and 1980s, was returned to the presidency. The 2001 presidential election was contested between the followers of Didier Ratsiraka and Marc Ravalomanana, nearly caus-ing secession of half of the country. In April 2002, the High Constitutional Court announced Ravalomanana the winner.The economy of Madagascar is dominated by agriculture, which employs 80 percent of the population. Agriculture, including fishing and forestry, contribute 26 percent of GDP; industry, 16 percent; and services, 56 percent. Major exports include coﬀee, vanilla, cloves, shellﬁsh and sugar. Madagascar’s natural resources are severely threatened by deforestation and erosion, aggravated by the use of ﬁrewood as the primary source of fuel. A great need continues for teachers, health specialists, and environmental counselors, particularly in rural areas.The government of President Marc Ravalomanana has created the Madagascar Action Plan (MAP) which serves as a roadmap for all agencies and partners to assist in eco-nomic growth and poverty reduction and is committed to ﬁghting environmental degradation, poor health and the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Numerous international development agencies and volunteer organizations have been welcomed to Madagascar, joining the growing number of Malagasy non-governmental organizations (NGOs) working with the people of Madagascar with their development eﬀorts. Madagascar is ranked 143 of 177 countries on the 2006 United Nations Human Development Index.
The ﬁrst education Volunteers arrived in 1993. In subse-quent years, the Peace Corps initiated programs in ecologi-cal conservation and community health education. Today, Volunteers work in the education, environment, and health and HIV/AIDS sectors. Some Volunteers concentrate on the prevention of HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted dis-eases; others teach English and train teachers. Volunteers also work with communities and national parks to ﬁnd ways to balance human needs with environmental conservation. Shortly, the Peace Corps/Madagascar will expand its pro-gramming into the business development sector to boost nascent entrepreneurialism. All Volunteers, regardless of sector, are trained to promote HIV/AIDS awareness and prevention.
FY 2008FY 2009Volunteers
Program funds ($000)
ANTICIPATED NUMBER OF VOLUNTEERS
Calculated September 30 each year