Date: 11/03/2004Revision: 01/10/2006
Page 1 of 2
Subject: How Cold Temperatures Affect Automatic Transmission Efficiencies
Technical Service Bulletin
Product Description: AMSOIL Synthetic Universal Automatic Transmission Fluid (ATF)
Submitted By: KD
Reviewed By: DY
Approved By: AlanDistribution:
___Internal X All
To demonstrate that AMSOIL Synthetic Univer-sal ATF has excellent low temperature propertiessuch as a low Brookfield Viscosity and pourpoint, which provides higher automatic transmis-sion efficiencies at low temperatures than con-ventional automatic transmission fluid.
The use of conventional automatic transmissionfluid at low temperatures has always meant slowtransmission shifting, sluggish operation, andfrustration. This brings to our attention the bene-fits of AMSOIL Synthetic Universal ATF at lowtemperatures.
Transmission fluid viscosity has a tremendouseffect on the mechanical efficiency of an auto-matic transmission. During the transfer of powerin the transmission, over 40% of the total energylosses are due to the transmission pumping auto-matic transmission fluid to the working compo-nents of the transmission. Tests (reference 1)relating to torque losses associated with pumpingautomatic transmission fluid at different tempera-tures have shown that a temperature rise of 150
Fcan increase the mechanical efficiency in anautomatic transmission by as much as 37.5%.This data means that increases in mechanical ef-ficiencies are directly caused by thinner oil(lower viscosity). When ambient temperaturesdrop; the fluid gets thicker, and transmission effi-ciencies decrease which greatly reduces effectiveuseful power and efficiency of the transmission.Automatic transmission fluid is an importantcomponent in an automatic transmission. Fiberplates contact metal plates, bearings contact bear-ing races, gears contact gears, and automatictransmission fluid comes in contact and lubri-cates all of them. Cold temperatures can causeconventional automatic transmission fluids to in-crease in viscosity, causing a decrease in auto-matic transmission efficiency. This efficiency de-crease is often referred to as sluggish operation;which demands more energy from the engine toactuate all the parts that come into contact withthe automatic transmission fluid. Synthetic oilsthat are not affected by temperature reductions asmuch as conventional oils will have better lowtemperature pumpability and therefore better me-chanical efficiency. Better efficiency can providebetter fuel economy.AMSOIL Synthetic Universal Automatic Trans-mission Fluid has a lower pour point, (Graph I)and is pumpable at much lower temperatures thanconventional automatic transmission fluids asdemonstrated by the Brookfield Viscosity Test(Graph II). It is capable of providing greatertransmission efficiencies and better fuel economyat low temperatures than conventional automatictransmission fluids.
AMSOIL INC., AMSOIL Bldg., Superior, WI 54880 (715) 392-7101 © Copyright 2004
Approval Date: 11/10/04