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Small Wind Guide

Small Wind Guide

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Published by audionxs

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Published by: audionxs on Apr 21, 2010
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04/20/2010

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Small Wind Electric Systems
 A 
U.S.
Consumer’s Guide
 
Small Wind Electric Systems
Location—A home in Charlotte, VermontCapacity—10 kilowattsTurbine manufacturer—Bergey Windpower CompanyPhoto credit—Trudy Forsyth, NREL/PIX09123Location — Wales Wind Energy Project, Wales, AlaskaCapacity — 0.1 MWTurbine manufacturer — Atlantic Orient CorporationDeveloper — Kotzebue Electric AssociationPhoto credit — Steve Drouilhet, NREL/PIX09674Capacity—10 kilowattsTurbine manufacturer—Bergey Windpower CompanyPhoto credit—Bergey Windpower Company, NREL/PIX02102Location—A ranch near Wheeler, TexasCapacity—1 kilowattTurbine manufacturer—Southwest WindPowerPhoto Credit—Elliott Bayly/PIX07169Location — A farm in western KansasCapacity — 10 kilowattsTurbine manufacturer — Bergey Windpower CompanyPhoto credit — Warren Gretz, NREL/PIX09618Location—A cabin in South Park, ColoradoCapacity—600 wattTurbine manufacturer—Southwest WindPowerPhoto credit—E. McKenna, NREL/PIX04712
 
Small Wind Electric Systems 1
Contents
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient? . . . .2Is Wind Energy Practical for Me? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3What Size Wind Turbine Do I Need? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4What are the Basic Parts of a Small Wind Electric System? . .5What Do Wind Systems Cost? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7Where Can I Find Installation and Maintenance Support? . . .8How Much Energy Will My System Generate? . . . . . . . . . . . .9Is There Enough Wind on My Site? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11How Do I Choose the Best Site for My Wind Turbine? . . . . .14Can I Connect My System to the Utility Grid? . . . . . . . . . . .15Can I Go “Off-Grid”? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19Glossary of Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21For More Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Small Wind Electric Systems
A U.S. Consumer’s Guide
Homeowners, ranchers, and small businesses can use wind-generated electricity to reduce their utility bills. This grid-connected system installed for a home in Norman, Oklahoma,reduces the homeowner’s utility bill by $100 per month.
   B  e  r  g  e  y   W   i  n    d  p  o  w  e  r    /   P   I   X   0   1   4   7   6
Introduction
Can I use wind energy to power myhome? This question is being askedacross the country as more peoplelook for affordable and reliable sourc-es of electricity.Small wind electric systems can makea significant contribution to ournation’s energy needs. Although windturbines large enough to provide asignificant portion of the electricityneeded by the average U.S. home gen-erally require one acre of property ormore, approximately 21 million U.S.homes are built on one-acre and largersites, and 24% of the U.S. populationlives in rural areas.A small wind electric system willwork for you if:There is enough wind where youliveTall towers are allowed in yourneighborhood or rural areaYou have enough spaceYou can determine how muchelectricity you need or want toproduceIt works for you economically.The purpose of this guide is to pro-vide you with the basic informationabout small wind electric systems tohelp you decide if wind energy willwork for you.
Why Should I Choose Wind?
Wind energy systems are oneof the most cost-effective home- based renewable energy systems.Depending on your wind resource, a

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