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Government Class

Government Class

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Published by Cesal
Terms, papers for my government class.
Terms, papers for my government class.

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Published by: Cesal on May 20, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/14/2009

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1.Lend: to give the temporary use of money on the conditions of repayment and/or at a setrate of interest.2.Legal Age:3.Lawyer:
4.
Landlocked: parcel of real property which has no entry or exit to a public street andcannot be reached except by crossing another's property. In such a case there is an"implied easement" over the adjoining lot from which it was created.
5.
Landlord: a person who owns real property and rents or leases it to another 
6.
Laissez-Faire: An economic doctrine that opposes governmental regulation of or interference in commerce beyond the minimum necessary for a free-enterprise system tooperate according to its own economic laws7.Kin: blood relative8.Kleptomania: An obsessive impulse to steal regardless of economic need.
9.
Homicide: the killing of a human being due to the act or omission of another.
10.
Kidnapping: the taking of a person against his/her will (or from the control of a parent or guardian) from one place to another under circumstances in which the person so takendoes not have freedom of movement, will, or decision through violence, force, threat or intimidation.
11.
Kangaroo Court: 1) a mock court set up without legal basis, such as a fraternity. 2) Slangfor a court of law in which the violations of procedure, precedents, and due process are sogross that fundamental justice is denied. It usually means that the judge is incompetent or obviously biased.
12.
Juvenile: A person who has not yet reached an age specified by law, usually 18, and thuscannot be punished as an adult.
 
13.Jus Sanguine: law of blood; a birth to parents gains their nationality but not by birthplace14.Jus Soli: law of soil; any birthplace legally under dominion of the sovereign (eg. king,emperor, constitution) automatically makes one a natural-born subject or national by birthplace; sovereign must only be defacto to be legitimate.
15.
Condemnation: the legal process by which a governmental body exercises its right of "eminent domain" to acquire private property for public uses (highways, schools,redevelopment, etc.)
16.
De Jure: Latin for "lawful”
17.
Latin for "in fact." Often used in place of "actual" to show that the court will treat as afact authority being exercised or an entity acting as if it had authority, even though thelegal requirements have not been met.
18.
Jurisdiction: the authority given by law to a court to try cases and rule on legal matterswithin a particular geographic area and/or over certain types of legal cases.
19.
Junior Lien: a lien that is lower in priority relative to other liens. Mortgage which comesafter the claims of a prior recorded document
20.
Judge: an official with the authority and responsibility to preside in a court, try lawsuitsand make legal rulings.
21.
Joy Riding: conduct or action resembling a joyride especially in disregard of cost or consequences
22.
Journeyman: One who has fully served an apprenticeship in a trade or craft and is aqualified worker in another's employ.
23.
Journal: a daily record, as of occurrences, experiences, or observations
24.
Joint Venture: an enterprise entered into by two or more people for profit, for a limited purpose, such as purchase, improvement and sale or leasing of real estate.
 
25.
Joint Account: a bank account in the names of two or more persons or parties and subjectto withdrawals by each.
26.
Jobber: a merchant who buys products (usually in bulk or lots) and then sells them tovarious retailers.
27.
Itinerant: traveling from place to place
28.
Irrelevant: not important, pertinent, or germane to the matter at hand or to any issue before the court.29.Irrational: without or deprived of normal mental clarity or sound judgment.
30.
Invasion of Privacy: the intrusion into the personal life of another, without just cause,which can give the person whose privacy has been invaded a right to bring a lawsuit for damages against the person or entity that intruded.31.Interstate: involving and relating to the mutual relations of states especially of the UnitedStates32.Intrastate: existing or occurring within the boundaries of a state
33.
Intestate: referring to a situation where a person dies without leaving a valid will.
34.
Extradition: the surrender by one state or country of a person charged with a crime inanother state or country.
35.
Interrogation: questioning of a suspect or witness by law enforcement authorities.
36.
Internal Revenue: government revenue from domestic sources (excluding customs)37.Interlocking Directorate: a directorate linked with that of another corporation byinterlocking directors
38.
Plaintiff: the party who initiates a lawsuit by filing a complaint with the clerk of the courtagainst the defendant(s) demanding damages, performance and/or court determination of rights.

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