13.Jus Sanguine: law of blood; a birth to parents gains their nationality but not by birthplace14.Jus Soli: law of soil; any birthplace legally under dominion of the sovereign (eg. king,emperor, constitution) automatically makes one a natural-born subject or national by birthplace; sovereign must only be defacto to be legitimate.
Condemnation: the legal process by which a governmental body exercises its right of "eminent domain" to acquire private property for public uses (highways, schools,redevelopment, etc.)
De Jure: Latin for "lawful”
Latin for "in fact." Often used in place of "actual" to show that the court will treat as afact authority being exercised or an entity acting as if it had authority, even though thelegal requirements have not been met.
Jurisdiction: the authority given by law to a court to try cases and rule on legal matterswithin a particular geographic area and/or over certain types of legal cases.
Junior Lien: a lien that is lower in priority relative to other liens. Mortgage which comesafter the claims of a prior recorded document
Judge: an official with the authority and responsibility to preside in a court, try lawsuitsand make legal rulings.
Joy Riding: conduct or action resembling a joyride especially in disregard of cost or consequences
Journeyman: One who has fully served an apprenticeship in a trade or craft and is aqualified worker in another's employ.
Journal: a daily record, as of occurrences, experiences, or observations
Joint Venture: an enterprise entered into by two or more people for profit, for a limited purpose, such as purchase, improvement and sale or leasing of real estate.