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Government Class

Government Class

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Published by Cesal
Terms, papers for my government class.
Terms, papers for my government class.

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Published by: Cesal on May 20, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/07/2012

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1.
Physical Injury
– 
2.
Assault
-
any unlawful attempt or offer with force or violence to do acorporal hurt to another.3.
Battery
- The unlawful touching the person of another by theaggressor himself, or any other substance put in motion by him.4.
Homicide
the killing of a human being due to the act or omission of another 
5.
Murder
-
the killing of a human being by a sane person, with intent, maliceaforethought (prior intention to kill the particular victim or anyone who gets in the way)and with no legal excuse or authority.
6.
Manslaughter 
- the unlawful killing of another person without premeditation or so-called "malice aforethought" (an evil intent prior to the killing). It is distinguished frommurder (which brings greater penalties) by lack of any prior intention to kill anyone or create a deadly situation.
7.
Rape
- the crime of sexual intercourse (with actual penetration of a woman's vaginawith the man's penis) without consent and accomplished through force, threat of violence or intimidation (such as a threat to harm a woman's child, husband or boyfriend).
8.
Indecent Exposure
- the crime of displaying one's genitalia to one or more other people in a public place, usually with the apparent intent to shock the unsuspectingviewer and give the expose a sexual charge.
9.
Kidnapping
- the taking of a person against his/her will (or from the control of a parentor guardian) from one place to another under circumstances in which the person sotaken does not have freedom of movement, will, or decision through violence, force,threat or intimidation.
10.
Bigamy
- the condition of having two wives or two husbands at the same time.
11.
Adultery
- consensual sexual relations when one of the participants is legally marriedto another.
12.
Prostitution
- the profession of performing sexual acts for money.
13.
Incest
- sexual intercourse between close blood relatives, including brothers andsisters, parents and children, grandparents and grandchildren, or aunts or uncles withnephews or nieces.
14.
Libel
- to publish in print (including pictures), writing or broadcast through radio,television or film, an untruth about another which will do harm to that person or his/her reputation, by tending to bring the target into ridicule, hatred, scorn or contempt of others.
 
15.
Slander 
- oral defamation, in which someone tells one or more persons an untruthabout another, which untruth will harm the reputation of the person defamed.
16.
Mayhem
-
the criminal act of disabling, disfiguring or cutting off or making useless oneof the members (leg, arm, hand, foot, eye) of another either intentionally or in a fight,called maiming.
17.
Robbery -
1) the direct taking of property (including money) from a person (victim)through force, threat or intimidation.
18.
Burglary -
 
the crime of breaking and entering into a structure for the purpose of committing a crime.
19.
Breaking and Entering -
1) the criminal act of entering a residence or other enclosedproperty through the slightest amount of force (even pushing open a door), withoutauthorization.
20.
Larceny -
 
the crime of taking the goods of another person without permission (usuallysecretly), with the intent of keeping them.
21.
Receiving Stolen Property -
 
the crime of possession of goods which one knows or which any reasonable person would realize were stolen. It is generally a felony.Innocent possession is not a crime, but the goods are generally returned to the legalowner.
22.
Embezzlement -
 
the crime of stealing the funds or property of an employer, companyor government or misappropriating money or assets held in trust.
23.
Forgery -
 
1) the crime of creating a false document, altering a document, or writing afalse signature for the illegal benefit of the person making the forgery.
24.
Extortion -
 
obtaining money or property by threat to a victim's property or loved ones,intimidation, or false claim of a right (such as pretending to be an IRS agent).
25.
Vandalism – 
 
26.
Malicious
-
With bad, and unlawful motives27.
Arson – 
 
the felony crime of intentionally burning a house or other building.
28.
Vagrancy -
moving about without a means to support oneself, without a permanenthome, and relying on begging.
29.
Garnishment -
the entire process of petitioning for and getting a court order directinga person or entity (garnishee) to hold funds they owe to someone who allegedly is indebt to another person, often after a judgment has been rendered.
 
30.
Gag Order -
 
a judge's order prohibiting the attorneys and the parties to a pendinglawsuit or criminal prosecution from talking to the media or the public about the case.
31.
Frivolous -
 
referring to a legal move in a lawsuit clearly intended merely to harass,delay or embarrass the opposition.
32.
Free Enterprise – 
 
33.
Fraud -
the intentional use of deceit, a trick or some dishonest means to depriveanother of his/her/its money, property or a legal right.
34.
Franking Privileges – 
 
35.
Franchise -
. a right granted by the government to a person or corporation, such as ataxi permit, bus route, an airline's use of a public airport, business license or corporateexistence.
36.
Foreclosure -
the system by which a party who has loaned money secured by amortgage or deed of trust on real property (or has an unpaid judgment), requires saleof the real property to recover the money due, unpaid interest, plus the costs of foreclosure, when the debtor fails to make payment.
37.
Finder’s Fee – 
 
38.
Fiduciary -
from the Latin fiducia, meaning "trust," a person (or a business like a bankor stock brokerage) who has the power and obligation to act for another (often calledthe beneficiary) under circumstances which require total trust, good faith and honesty.
39.
F.I.C.A. – 
(Federal Insurance Contributions Act)
This act mandates that anemployer withhold a set percentage of an employee’ssalaryeach pay period.
40.
Felony -
1) a crime sufficiently serious to be punishable by death or a term in state or federal prison, as distinguished from a misdemeanor which is only punishable byconfinement to county or local jail and/or a fine.

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