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Pulmonary Edema

Pulmonary Edema

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Published by maj

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: maj on Apr 21, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/21/2010

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PULMONARY EDEMA
(ACUTE HEART FAILURE)
Pulmonary edema is the abnormal accumulation of fluid in thelungs. The fluid may accumulate in the interstitialspaces or inthe alveoli.
 
PULMONARY EDEMA
Pulmonary edema is usually caused by heart failure. As theheart fails, pressure in the vein going through the lungs startsto rise. As the pressure increases, fluid is pushed into the air spaces (alveoli). This fluid interrupts normal oxygenmovement through the lungs, resulting in shortness of breath.
 
Clinical Manifestations
restless and anxious
breathlessness and a sense of suffocation
hands become cold and moist
cyanotic nail beds
skin turns ashen (gray)
weak and rapid pulse
distended neck veins
Incessant coughing
mucoid sputum (blood-tinged, frothy fluid )
confused
stuporous
breathing is rapid, noisy, and moist sounding.
oxygen levels (saturation) are significantly decreased

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