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MUST_DO_250_SC

MUST_DO_250_SC

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Published by: nazar507 on Apr 22, 2010
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09/15/2010

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Additional 250 Sentence Correction Questions
1
1.Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroademployees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.(A) Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroademployees are now seeking an expanded program of retirementbenefits.(B) Added to the increase in hourly wages which had been requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expandedprogram of retirement benefits.(C) The railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits added to the inc
 
rease in hourly wages that wererequested last July.(D) In addition to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July,the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.(E) In addition to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, theemployees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.Choice A presents a dangling modifier. The phrase beginning the sentence canfit nowhere in the sentence and make logical sense. Coming first, it modifies
employees
, the nearest free noun in the main clause; i.e., choice A says thatthe employees were added to the increase in hourly wages. Choice B alsobegins with a dangling modifier; moreover, the simple past tense requested isneeded to place an action before the present action
are…seeking
. In choice C,
were
does not agree in number with the subject of the clause,
increase
, and itis not clear whether
added to the increase
is supposed to modify
 program
or
benefits
. Choice D also lacks agreement(
increase…were
). Choice E is best forthis question of medium difficulty.2.Child prodigies are marked not so much by their skills but instead by thefact that these skills are fully developed at a very early age.(A) but instead(B) rather than(C) than(D) as(E) so much as The idiomatic form for this kind of statement is
not so much by X as by Y.
 
Additional 250 Sentence Correction Questions
2
Hence, D is correct. Each of the other options produces an unidiomaticstatement. This question is of middle difficulty.3.The department defines a private passenger vehicle as one registered to anindividual with a gross weight of less than 8,000 pounds.(A) as one registered to an individual with a gross weight of less than 8,000pounds(B) to be one that is registered to an individual with a gross weight of lessthan 8,000 pounds(C) as one that is registered to an individual and that has a gross weight of less than 8,000 pounds(D) to have a gross weight less than 8,000
 
pounds and being registered toan individual(E) as having a gross weight of less than 8,000 pounds and registered to anindividualChoices A and B say that the
individual
, not the
vehicle
, has a gross weight of less than 8000 pounds, and
defines…to be
in B is incorrect. Choice C, the bestanswer, produces the correct phrase (
defines…as
) and clarifies the statementwith a parallel construction(
one that is … and that has…
). In choice d,
defines…to
have is faulty,
of 
is missing between
weight 
and
less
, and
being
is notparallel with
to have
. In choice E, the verb forms
having
and
registered 
are notparallel. The question is a little more difficult than the average.4.Urban officials want the census to be as accurate and complete as possiblefor the reason that the amount of low-income people in a given area affectthe distribution of about fifty billion dollars a year in federal funds.(A) for the reason that the amount of low-income people in a given areaaffect(B) for the reason because the amount of low-income people in a given areaeffects(C) in that the amount of low-income people in given areas effect(D) because the number of low-income people in a given area affects(E) because the numbers of low-income people in given areas effects The best answer will start with
because
. The initial phrase of A is wordy, that of B is unidiomatic, and that of C does not precisely establish causal relationship.Also,
amount 
is incorrect;
number 
refers to a group of countable members,whereas
amount 
is for undifferentiated masses such as sand or water. There isno subject-verb agreement in A (
amount…affect 
), C(
amount…effect 
), or E(
numbers…effects
); moreover, the proper verb here is
affects
, not
effects
. In E,
 
Additional 250 Sentence Correction Questions
3
numbers
and
areas
should be singular, not only to agree with the verb but alsoto refer precisely to the sum total of low-income people in each region wherethe census is conducted. Choice D is correct for this moderately easy question.5.After the Arab conquest of Egypt in A.D. 640, Arabic became the dominantlanguage of the Egyptians, replacing older languages and writing systems.(A) became the dominant language of the Egyptians, replacing olderlanguages(B) became the dominant language of the Egyptians, replacing languagesthat were older(C) becomes the dominant language of the Egyptians and it replaced olderlanguages(D) becomes the dominant languag
 
e of the Egyptians and it replacedlanguages that were older(E) becomes the dominant language of the Egyptians, having replacedlanguages that were olderIn choice A, the best answer,
older 
is placed so that it modifies both
languages
and
writing systems
. Choice B is incorrect because the wording suggests thatArabic replaced all writing systems, not just older ones. The present tense
becomes
in choice C is inconsistent with
replaced 
. Also,
and 
implies that twoseparate events are being discussed: that Arabic became the dominantlanguage and then that it replaced older languages. Choice D combines theerroneous wording of choice B, the tense problem of choice C, and theimprecise use of 
and 
. Choice E includes wording and tense mistakes, and,contrary to the sense problem of choice C, and the imprecise use of 
and 
.Choice E includes wording and tense mistakes, and, contrary to the sense of the sentence,
having replaced 
states that Arabic replaced older languagesbefore the Arab conquest of Egypt. This is an easy question.6.The use of gravity waves, which do not interact with matter in the wayelectromagnetic waves do, hopefully will enable astronomers to study theactual formation of black holes and neutron stars.(A) in the way electromagnetic waves do, hopefully will enable(B) in the way electromagnetic waves do, will, it is hoped, enable(C) like electromagnetic waves, hopefully will enable(D) like electromagnetic waves, would enable, hopefully(E) such as electromagnetic waves do, will, it is hoped, enableChoice A, C, and D use
hopefully 
to mean “it is hoped” rather than “ in ahopeful manner”; such usage still meets with strong and widespread opposition

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