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Least Common Multiple of Numbers

# Least Common Multiple of Numbers

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Finding the LCM (least common multiple) of numbers. I show three techniques for finding the LCM.
Finding the LCM (least common multiple) of numbers. I show three techniques for finding the LCM.

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09/18/2010

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Least Common Multiple (LCM)Example 1
: Find the LCM of 150 and 54, ie LCM(150,54)
Method 1
150 543250 1825 9
LCM
(150
,
54) =3
×
2
×
25
×
9= 1350
Method
Factor each number into the product of primes: (See section on Factorizations of Numbers)150
2
·
3
·
5
2
54
2
·
3
3
Compare each factor and choose the factor that has the higher exponent.150
2
·
3
·
5
2
54
2
·
3
3
LCM = 2
·
3
3
·
5
2
= 1350
Method
Using GCD (Greatest Common Divisor) to ﬁnd LCM.Apply,LCM(a,b) =
a
·
b
GCD(
a,b
)(1)The
GCD
(150
,
54) is 6 (See Section on GCD).
LCM(150
,
54) =150
·
546= 1350.1

Example 2
: Find the LCM of 28, 42, and 126.
Method 1
2842126214216372393213
Only 2 factorshave somethingin common, that is 3.Bring down 2.
When there are no common factors for all three numbers, then you look for the common factor forthe next two numbers.
LCM(28
,
42
,
126) =2
×
7
×
3
×
2
×
1
×
3= 252
Method
Factor each number into the product of primes: (See section on Factorizations of Numbers)28
2
2
·
742
2
·
3
·
7126
2
·
3
2
·
7Compare each factor and choose the factor that has the highest exponent.28
2
2
·
742
2
·
3
·
7126
2
·
3
2
·
7
LCM = 2
2
·
3
2
·
7 = 252
Example 3
: Find the LCM of 28, 120, 72, and 135.2

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