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The Holderness Coast

The Holderness Coast

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Published by chelseablues

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Published by: chelseablues on May 20, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/03/2011

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The Holderness Coast
The Holderness Coast is one of Europe’s fastest erodingcoastline.
 
Background Information
The Holderness coast is located in the north east of England. This is one of the most vulnerable coastlines in the world, retreating at a rate of one to twometres a year. There are two causes of the problem.
Strong prevailing winds create a longshore drift that moves materialsouthwards along the coast.
The cliffs are made of soft clay, so they will erode quickly.
The average rate of erosion is around 2 meters per year. The main reasonfor this is because the bedrock is made of till which are material that aredeposited by glaciers over 18,000 year ago.
This is an aerial photograph of the HoldernessThis is an aerial photograph of the HoldernessCoast. Already from this image we can see theCoast. Already from this image we can see thecurved line which has been eroded by the sea.curved line which has been eroded by the sea. Year after year, the Holderness Coast is clearing Year after year, the Holderness Coast is clearingout settlement by settlement. We can also see aout settlement by settlement. We can also see awell known place, Flamborough.well known place, Flamborough.
 
Flamborough
Flamborough is the headland that forms the most northerly point of theHolderness Coast.
It is an area of land which sticks out into the North Sea.
It was made by erosion taking place from millions of years ago. Due to therock type the sea has not been able to destroy this type of rock easily. Theland around it however had land which were soft and easy to erode. So theland retrieved around Flamborough and pushed put at Flamborough whichis why we have this type of land.
The rocks around Flamborough are mainly limestone and till from glaciers.
This is a stack formed by erosion and has beenThis is a stack formed by erosion and has beenmade after several years of erosion. Thesemade after several years of erosion. Thesestructures are rare and only found when certainstructures are rare and only found when certaintypes of weather occur at certain days of thetypes of weather occur at certain days of theyear.year.

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