The Holderness coast is located in the north east of England. This is one of the most vulnerable coastlines in the world, retreating at a rate of one to twometres a year. There are two causes of the problem.
Strong prevailing winds create a longshore drift that moves materialsouthwards along the coast.
The cliffs are made of soft clay, so they will erode quickly.
The average rate of erosion is around 2 meters per year. The main reasonfor this is because the bedrock is made of till which are material that aredeposited by glaciers over 18,000 year ago.
This is an aerial photograph of the HoldernessThis is an aerial photograph of the HoldernessCoast. Already from this image we can see theCoast. Already from this image we can see thecurved line which has been eroded by the sea.curved line which has been eroded by the sea. Year after year, the Holderness Coast is clearing Year after year, the Holderness Coast is clearingout settlement by settlement. We can also see aout settlement by settlement. We can also see awell known place, Flamborough.well known place, Flamborough.