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physics module F4 (force and motion 3)

# physics module F4 (force and motion 3)

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04/04/2013

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2.10
UNDERSTANDING WORK, ENERGY, POWER AND EFFICIENCY[ ..…………./ 29 X 100 = ………%]
A.Choose the correct word in the bracket.B. Fill in the blank with the correct answer.C.State true or false for each of the following statements.1.Power is the rate of doing work(9) (True / False)2.The efficiency of a device is the percentage of the energyinput that is transformed into useful energy.(10) (True / False)D.State the transformation of energy..
Light energyGravitational potential energy
1.Work is the product of applied force and (1) (distance / displacement) in thedirection of the applied force.2.When the work is done (2) (force / energy) is transferred from one object toanother.3.The work done is equal to the amount of (3) (temperature/energy) transferred.4.The SI unit for work is (4) (joule / watt).positionunchangedenergymotion1.Kinetic energy is the energy of an object due to its (5) …………………2.Gravitational potential energy is the energy of an object due to its (6)…………… in the gravitational field.3.The principle of conservation of energy states that (7) ……………… can betransferred from one form to another but it cannot be created or destroyed.4.The principle of conservation of energy explains that the total amount oenergy always remains (8) ………………………
25

A student is able to:
Explain the process of define work (W) as the product of an applied force (F)and displacement (s) of an object in the direction of the applied force i.e W = Fs
State that when work is done energy is transferred from one object to another
Define kinetic energy and state that E
k
= ½ mv
2
Define gravitational potential energy and state that E
p
= mgh
State the principle of conservation of energy
Define power and state that P=W/t
Explain what efficiency of a device is

Sound energyElastic potential energy
StatementFromTo1. Durian falls to the ground(11) Kinetic energy+ sound energy2. A bulb connected to a dry celllights upElectrical energyheat energy

+ (12)3. A bell rings when the switch ispressedElectrical energy(13)4. The motion of an arrow when anarcher releases the string(14)Kinetic energy+ sound energyE.Answer all questions.Work doneForce and displacement in the same directionForce and displacement in difference direction
1.
W = F
.
sW = WorkF = (15) …………....s = (16) ……………….
2.
W = F
X

.
sW = (17) ……………..W = workF = forces = displacementθ = angle between (18) …………….and(19) …………………..
Fs26FF
x
F
Y
F
Y
F

Diagram (a) Diagram (b)
3.
Diagrams (a) and (b) shows a boy pushing a load and a weightlifter lifting a loadof 60 kg.Calculate the work done
(a)
by the boy (20)
(b)
by the weightlifter in lifting the load.(21)4. Azman is pulling a box with a force of 50 N at an angle of 60
o
from the horizontal.Calculate the work done to move the box to a distance of 3 m.Solution : (22)
27Displacement = 3 m