proceed to provide the justification of research. Last, I will provide the organization of the chapters of the dissertation.
It is a major contention of this study that the theory of job and labor queues asgiven by Reskin and Roos (1990), and the theory of technology and skill life cycles asgiven by Shanklin, Ryan and Flynn are applicable in understanding the positions of female workers in the Indian software industry. Economists have argued that a newtechnology, introduced slowly at first, becomes more widely accepted as intense andheavily financed research and development efforts lead to better performance.Eventually, it reaches a plateau of its performance limits. During the last stage, itcompetes with a new technology until the superior technology wins and captures themarket (Ford and Ryan, 1981; Shanklin and Ryans, 1984).The history of computer programming clearly illustrates that computer technologyhas a technology life cycle. The development of the computer is intricately linked withwartime needs. The first modern computer in the United States, Electronic NumericalIndicator and Computer (ENIAC), was developed during World War II to calculate ballistic missile trajectories. The British Colossus, completed in 1943, was used tounscramble German radio transmissions. These early/first-generation computers wereclumsy machines, composed largely of electromechanical or electrical switches regulated by vacuum tubes, making operations highly painstaking. A turning point in computer technology was the introduction of the stored program/second-generation computers. It is3