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Ansys Sbeam Do

Ansys Sbeam Do

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01/31/2011

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ANSYS TUTORIAL – Optimal Design of a Stiﬀened Beam
ANSYS Release 7.0
Dr. A.-V. Phan, University of South Alabama
1 Problem Description
Use ANSYS to perform the minimum weight design of a stiﬀened beam as shown. Structural steel of circular and rectangular cross-sections will be selected for the bar and beam members, respectively.The allowable stress in the elements is assumed to be 0
.
5
y
. The tip displacement is constrainedto be no greater than 10
4
L
. Let the yield strength and length of the beam be
y
= 250 MPa and
L
= 3 m, respectively.
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452113
o
2
X  L
500 kN
Z  H
(a) (b)
Figure 1: A stiﬀened beam
2 Data Preparation
Units to be used: Length (m), Force (N)
Design variables:
R
(radius of the circular cross-section of the bar),
and
.
Volume of the structure (the objective variable):
=
L
(
W
+
2
πR
2
)
Allowable stress (state variable):
σ
a
= 0
.
5
y
= (0
.
5)(250
×
10
6
) = 125
×
10
6
Pa
Allowable tip displacement (state variable):
u
a
= 10
4
L
= (10
4
)(3) = 3
×
10
4
m1

3 Problem Formulation
Minimize
(
R,H,W
) =
L
(
W
+
2
πR
2
) [
±
0
.
01 m
3
]Subject to 0
|
σ
|
max
125
×
10
6
[
±
100 Pa]0
u
1
3
×
10
4
[
±
0 m]0
.
01
R
0
.
25 [
±
0
.
0025 m]0
.
02
0
.
5 [
±
0
.
005 m]0
.
02
0
.
5 [
±
0
.
005 m]where
|
σ
|
max
is the maximum absolute value of stress.
4 Analysis Preprocessing
1. Give the Job a Name
>
File
>
Change Jobname ...
Enter a name in the ‘Change Jobname’ window, then click on
OK
.2. Initialize the Design Variables
>
Parameters
>
Scalar Parameters ...
This brings up the ‘Scalar Parameters’ window. Enter ‘
R=0.025
’ in the ‘Selection’ ﬁeld,then click on
Accept
.
Repeat the above step for ‘
W=0.05
’ and ‘
H=0.05
’. The ‘Scalar Parameters’ windowshould look like this,
Click on the
Close
button.2

3. Deﬁne Element Types(a) Bar/Truss Element
>
Preprocessor
>
Element Type
>
This brings up the ‘Element Types’ window. Click on the
button.
The ‘Library of Element Types’ window appears. Highlight ‘
’ and ‘
2D spar 1
’.After clicking on
Apply
you should see ‘
’ in the ‘Element Types’window.(b) Beam Element
Highlight ‘
Beam
’ and ‘
2D elastic 3
’ in the ‘Library of Element Types’ window,then click on
OK
.
Type 2 BEAM3
should now be added to the ‘Element Types’ window. Click onthe
Close
button.4. Deﬁne Real Constants(a) Bar/Truss Element
>
Preprocessor
>
Real Constants
>
This brings up the ‘Real Constants’ window. Click on the
button.
The ‘Element Type for Real Constants’ window appears. Highlight ‘
’,then click on
OK
.
In the ‘Real Constant Set Number 1, for LINK1’ window that opens, enter ‘
3.1416*R*R
for the ‘
AREA
’ ﬁeld as shown,
Click on
OK
. You should see ‘
Set 1
’ appears in the ‘Real Constants’ window.(b) Beam Element
In the ‘Real Constants’ window, click on
.
This brings up the ‘Element Type for Real Constants’ window. Highlight ‘
Type 2 BEAM3
and click
OK
.
In the ‘Real Constants for BEAM3’ window that appears, enter ‘
W*H
’,
W*H*H*H/12
and ‘
H
’ for ‘
AREA
’,
IZZ
’ and ‘
HEIGHT
’, respectively as shown. Click on
OK
.
Click on the
Close
button in the ‘Real Constants’ window.3

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