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Koha Digest 153 (1997)

Koha Digest 153 (1997)

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Published by: palacios_jm on Apr 24, 2010
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The weekly Koha (The Times) was published in Prishtina (Kosovo) between 1994 and 1997. Edited by VetonSurroi, a young Kosovar journalist and one of the pioneers of democratisation in former Yugoslavia, Kohasoon became a symbol of quality among the region's media. In 1997 it started to be published daily under thename of Koha Ditorë. With the kind permission of Mr. Surroi, Koha digests were originally posted onhttp://koha.estudiosbalcanicos.org.
- 1 -Koha Digest # 153Front Page: EUROPEAN ARROWS FOR KOSOVA'S AUTONOMYDate: 18 June 1997EDITORIALONE EUROPEAN STROLL THROUGH KOSOVA by VETON SURROIPrepared since long ago, the visit of the Dutch ambassador to Belgrade, representative of the presiding of the EU, finally took place. In it, he communicated to the Kosovar public opinionand politicians what does the EU foresee on the solution of Kosova's question.The time chosen for that was directly linked to the previous visit by John Kornblum, a highUS State Department official, who also had come to express the American posture towardsKosova, although occasionally committing a "lapsus linguae" or two. The European reasoningwas: since the Americans opened the door of the direct communication with Albanians, nowour message can pass through.Following these steps, the European Union, in fact admits it's stagnation in handling the crisiswhich appeared after the disintegration of Yugoslavia proving itself to be the follower of the politics announced by the US diplomacy. And, however understandable this stagnation is (we bear in mind that the EU is the compilation of 15 foreign politics of 15 foreign ministries of the member states), the EU proves a lack of invention even in the content of the messageconveyed to the people.Perhaps, this is also understandable, since the EU made a mistake last year when itrecognized the FRY ( as post-Dayton reward), although this unfinished state emerged withoutdomestic legality and legitimacy. Within this frame, the EU is now trying to solve the Kosovaquestion. And this is where the huge conceptual mistake appears.In the attempt to reach an improvement of the situation of Kosova through the Serb/Yugoslavconstitutional improvement, the EU is in fact inclining towards Milosevic's concept in dealingwith the "domestic enemy": so, "things have to be solved within the institutions of thesystem". And, this is all but helping the solution of Kosova's problem, because the presentSerb/Yugoslav forcible institutionalization has been, is and will be the key obstacle to theinstallation of peace in the Balkans. With it's last message, which needs to be analyzed morethoroughly than this space allows us to, the EU has in a way showed how far away is it fromthe Kosova question, and not how much it is interested in it.
- 2 -KOSOVAWILL ALBANIANS SUBMIT TO STATEMENTS FOR AUTONOMY? by ARBËR VLLAHIU / PrishtinëAccording to Jan Sizzo, the new EU formula for the “peacefulsolution of Kosova’s problem” based on Helsinki Charter's principles, apparently is one of EU’s efforts to see Kosovawithin the Yugoslav state. The message of this Europeanorganization, said in “tremors” by the Dutch ambassador, JanSizzo, looks like a lately defined statement by the EU offices, but that doesn’t surpass the frame of the latest determinationsof the big boss - USA.Sizzo, also, made no big differences between the two politics,the American and European, in Kosova’s case, when he said: “Whenyou mention Kosova’s autonomy within the FRY, the possibility of this to be done within Serbia's borders is not excluded”. Willthe Albanians be the ones to submit to such statements, or maybeSerbs will be pushed to think again for another life together with, as they say, “the nation, that within 50 years will beequal in numbers with them”, is left to be seen.Even though the formula for solving the Kosova issue has not yet been defined in the decision making centers' “offices”,calculations have begun. Such opening, no matter how surprisingfor Albanians, will help at least to understand that “the carrot”is not that sweet. While the Serb side will try to see Kosova’s problem only as a part of its problems, the Albanians in Kosovawill seriously try to prove that the field of human rights is anecessary segment in a society, however Kosova’s problem,according to them, is not seen only in this aspect.Careful observers, who anticipated the opening of Kosova“package”, evaluated that “the agreement on Albanian educationoffers a certain chance in the political field”. Based on this,the actual growth of political rating, with the agreement onAlbanian education in Kosova, of the “two heads, who are willing- as humanists” to sit down and try to solve politically thisissue, remains only as a “new bankonote” in political marketing.Following some successes in the diplomatic field, and thecreation of a new “political peace-making image”, Milosevic willset a “timing” to the realization of this agreement, right intime when the international pressure will “roll over” to theother side. In fact, the talks with the Serbian side that startedin New York, without the presence of ruling party in Serbia, will put down the volume for one “octave”, where the Albanian sidewill be notified that “world diplomacy is supporting only thereality created in one area”. And, this reality, hidden with a
- 3 -“thin ambiguous curtain since the start”, will be another, amongthe many mistakes, as Rugova’s opponents would say, in readingthe messages of foreign diplomacies. The ambiguous card, stressforeign diplomats, was the only one played by the Albanianleadership, that’s why the international community’s stands werealways unclear to Albanians. Definitely, since the times whenGerd Arens visited Kosova, the Albanian side was told that the“international community will be ready to accept the solution of Kosova’s problem, the way they want it, only if they are readyto force that solution”. Even the new electoral problem inKosova, after Kornblum’s political “lesson” and the softened pressure by Perina, are observed by the US diplomacy, as stated by Richard Miles, as the Albanian community’s matters, eventhough USA, he says, would not accept parallel elections. The pressure on Albanians, which began as spring started, even beforethe opening of Kosova’s problem, happened in the most difficult period for the political subjects in Kosova, for it was facingthe biggest shocks within and in times when Kosova’s positionseemed weak. That’s why, Rugova’s decision for postponing theelections in Kosova, right now, means only another concession anda compromise by the Albanian side in the (non)creation of Kosova’s independence.Despite all the justifications of the Dutch ambassador, who brought with him a “diplomatic note” for Dr. Rugova, stating“that commercial preferences towards what remains of ex-Yugoslavia, are some sort of a pressure on official Belgrade",the feeling remains that the political pressure is heavy on theAlbanian political subject.Even, in a digression, Jan Sizzo expressed his admiration for Dr.Rugova’s peaceful politics, even though diplomatically, he lethim know that the “decision for the postponement of the electionsin Kosova will be succeeded by another one on a more delicateissue”. Based on speculations, the next decision could be only“the non-celebration of the elections in Kosova and accepting thegrowing international pressure against it”.Even though the initiative presented by the EU in Prishtina,“Kosova’s autonomy within Yugoslavia”, represents a new phase inthe developments regarding the solution of Kosova’s problem, saysDr. Fehmi Agani, no rushing should be expected. According to him,the proposal will initially be refused by both sides: “Serbiawill hope that the international community will get tired andwill give up on Kosova by accepting it as Serbia’s internalissue, and so for a certain time, it will not accept the proposedautonomy. Whereas, in the meantime, the Albanians, for principledreasons, can’t accept this EU’s proposal because this solutionisn’t a solution for Kosova”, he says.

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