EE 329 Introduction to Electronics 126
The book goes over several more examples that you should go over pp. 123 ± 130.3.3 BASIC TRANSISTOR APPLICATIONS
Transistors can be used to switch currents, voltages, and power; perform digital logic functions; and amplifytime-varying signals. In this section, we consider the switching properties of the bipolar transistor, analyze asimple transistor digital logic circuit, and then show how the bipolar transistor is used to amplify time-varyingsignals.
Figure 3.42 shows a bipolar circuit called an inverter, in which the transistor in the circuit is switched betweencutoff and saturation.The load, for example, could be a motor, a light-emitting diode, or some other electrical device. If v
(on), then i
= 0 and the transistor is cut off. Since i
= 0, the voltage drop across R
is zero, so theoutput voltage is v
. Also, since the currents in the transistor are zero, the power dissipation in thetransistor is also zero. If the load were a motor, the motor would be off with zero current. Likewise, if the loadwere a light-emitting diode, the light output would be zero with zero current.